German rule was marked by harsh treatment of the people of the colony, who were forcibly pressed into labor on large cocoa and rubber plantations in southwestern Cameroon. … After the war, a League of Nations mandate assigned about 80 percent of the territory of Cameroon to France, and 20 percent to Britain.
Why did Germany want Cameroon?
In 1883, the German government asked German merchants their opinion about the development of West African trade; the merchants complained about British and French competition. As a result, Bismarck ordered his local representative, Dr. Gustav Nachtigal, to proceed with the annexation.
How did Germany annex Cameroon?
In April 1883, the German traders in Cameroon called on the German Government to annex Cameroon and the government accepted and sent an imperial commissioner to sign treaties with the natives. In February 1884, Bismark appointed Dr . Nachtigal to head a mission to Cameroon and Fernando PPo.
When did Germany colonize Cameroon?
Germany ruJed Cameroon from 1884-1915 as a colony and in 1916 Cameroon was divided between Britain and France following the defeat of the Germans in Cameroon in 1916. Britain and -France ruled their· respective portions of Cameroon as mandated territories -0f the League of Nations from 1919-1945.
How did Germany treat its colonies?
Germany’s colonial empire was officially confiscated with the Treaty of Versailles after Germany’s defeat in the war and each colony became a League of Nations mandate under the supervision (but not ownership) of one of the victorious powers. The German colonial empire ceased to exist in 1919.
Is Cameroon dangerous?
Violent crime, such as armed robbery and carjacking, is common throughout Cameroon. … The U.S. government has limited ability to provide emergency services to U.S. citizens in North, Far North, Northwest, Southwest, and Parts of Adamawa and East Regions of Cameroon due to current official travel restrictions.
What is Cameroon best known for?
Cameroon is often known as “Africa in miniature” because of its geographical and cultural diversity. The Central African country has one of the highest literacy rates on the continent, but its economic progress has been hampered by corruption and decades of authoritarian rule.
Who was the first German teacher in Cameroon?
1: EDUCATION : The first German teacher in Cameroon was Theodore Christaller. He arrived Cameroon in 1887 and started promoting German education it was The Basel mission that ran many schools.
Who hoisted the German flag in Cameroon?
On 14 July 1884, Nachtigal hoisted the German flag in Cameroon, a terri- tory with a surface of 191,130 square miles. 19 This ceremony signalled the of- ficial inception of Germany’s colonial venture in the Cameroon, which was to last 30 years.
Why did the British fail to annex Cameroon?
1) Britain was reluctant to annex Cameroon because there were conflicting views between the British foreign office and the British colonial office. The foreign office favoured annexation while the colonial office was against it. 2) Also, Britain had the feeling that she already had enough territories in West Africa.
What was Cameroon called before independence?
French Cameroun became independent, as Cameroun or Cameroon, in January 1960, and Nigeria was scheduled for independence later that same year, which raised question of what to do with the British territory.
What was the original name of Cameroon?
Portuguese explorers reached the coast in the 15th century and named the area Rio dos Camarões (Shrimp River), which became Cameroon in English.
Was Cameroon a German colony?
Germany lost her colonies during the First World War (1914-1918) and Cameroon ceased to be a German possession in 1916. In 1919, the country was given the status of a League of Nations mandate administered by Britain and France.
Why Germany did not have colonies?
Germany DID have colonies: The reason why they did not have as many colonies as other major European powers, however, was because: The German Empire was a fairly new state. Before, the Germans were not unified and therefore held less power, giving the rest of Europe a head start.
Why did Germany want Africa?
Germany chose to take over South Africa because they were following in the lead of of France and Great Britain who also had empires in Africa. Germany was particularly interested in the economic possibilities that South Africa had to offer in diamond and copper farming.
Did Germany lose all of its colonies after ww1?
Germany lost World War I. In the 1919 Treaty of Versailles, the victorious powers (the United States, Great Britain, France, and other allied states) imposed punitive territorial, military, and economic provisions on defeated Germany. … Outside Europe, Germany lost all its colonies.