France conquered the territory by 1920 and incorporated it as part of French Equatorial Africa. In 1960, Chad obtained independence under the leadership of François Tombalbaye. Resentment towards his policies in the Muslim north culminated in the eruption of a long-lasting civil war in 1965.
When did Chad become independent?
Why was Chad colonized by France?
European interest in Africa generally grew during the 19th century. By 1887, France, motivated by the search for wealth, had driven inland from its settlements on central Africa’s west coast to claim the territory of Oubangui-Chari (present-day Central African Republic).
Are France and Chad allies?
Chad–France relations refers to the diplomatic relations between the Republic of Chad and the French Republic. France controlled Chad from 1900 until the country’s independence in 1960. Both nations are today members of the Francophonie and the United Nations.
Does Chad speak French?
Chad has two official languages, French and Modern Standard Arabic, and over 120 indigenous languages. A vernacular version of Arabic, Chadian Arabic, is a lingua franca and the language of commerce, spoken by 40-60% of the population.
Why is Chad so dangerous?
Chad is extremely dangerous due to the risk of terrorism, kidnapping, unrest and violent crime. … Violent conflict with armed rebels has occurred in northern Chad following national elections on 11 April. Terrorist attacks are also a major risk in Chad, especially by the Nigerian militant group Boko Haram.
Does Chad still exist?
Chad is a large landlocked country spanning north-central Africa. It covers an area of 1,284,000 square kilometres (496,000 sq mi), lying between latitudes 7° and 24°N, and 13° and 24°E, and is the twentieth-largest country in the world.
What is the origin of Chad?
Chad is a name of Anglo-Saxon origins. It is the modernized form of the Old English given name Ceadda. It is also a short form (hypocorism) of Charles, Chadd, Chadrick and Chadwick.
What language is Chad?
How many languages are there in Chad?
Description. Chad has two official languages, French and Modern Standard Arabic, and over 120 indigenous languages. A vernacular version of Arabic, Chadian Arabic, is a lingua franca and the language of commerce, spoken by 40-60% of the population.
What European language is spoken in Chad?
The government of Chad recognizes French and Arabic as the country’s two official languages. From 1900 until 1960, Chad was a French colony and all public services were carried out in the French language. This use of the language continues today. French is the language of both government and education.