Frequent question: Why did indirect rule fail in Western Nigeria?

Indirect rule in the West was not successful because of the following: There was no centralised administration like in the North. The imposition of tax led to riots in the Isieyin and Ikare. Early emergence of educated elite who strongly criticised the indirect rule.

Why was indirect rule not successful in some part of Nigeria?

Decentralized nature of government:

One of the major reasons why indirect rule failed in the the east was because of the decentralized system of government in the east. … Thus, when the British brought indirect rule to the system it didn’t work smoothly for them.

Why did indirect rule fail in southern Nigeria?

Presence of educated elite in southern Nigeria

They opposed the policies of the British if it was found to be detrimental to the interest of the local people. That is why the indirect rule did not succeed in southern Nigeria.

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What are the disadvantages of indirect rule?

Disadvantages of Indirect Rule

  • Chiefs became despotic. One of the disadvantages of Indirect Rule is that some of the African chiefs became authoritarian in their approach to local governance. …
  • Sidelined the educated elite. …
  • Dilemma of chiefs. …
  • Puppets of the British. …
  • Divide and rule. …
  • Imposition of unqualified chiefs.

Why indirect rule was only partially successful in the West?

Less submissiveness of the people: Another reason why the system partially succeeded in the West was because, the subjects were not as submissive as their counterparts in the North. This made them not to accept indirect rule blindly.

Who is the father of indirect rule?

Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard (1858-1945), was a British imperialist and colonial administrator in Africa. He made significant contributions to the theory and practice of the British colonial policy of indirect rule. Frederick Lugard was born on Jan. 22, 1858, of missionary parents in India.

What is the definition of indirect rule?

noun. A system of government of one nation by another in which the governed people retain certain administrative, legal, and other powers. ‘This policy of indirect rule left local political arrangements and traditions largely intact.

What is the difference between direct rule and indirect rule?

Direct rule is a system of governmental rule in which the central authority has power over the country. Indirect rule is a system of government in which a central authority has power over a country or area, but the local government maintains some authority.

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What is an example of indirect rule?

Indirect rule was used by various colonial rulers: the French in Algeria and Tunisia, the Dutch in the East Indies, Portuguese in Angola and Mozambique and Belgians in Burundi. These dependencies were often called “protectorates” or “trucial states”.

How successful was indirect rule in Nigeria?

The system was a huge success in the Northern Nigeria mainly because of the highly developed traditional system of administration of the area. The Emirs were made use of in the administration including a new admiral, who was appointed by Lord Lugard himself.

What was the impact of indirect rule?

A significant difference between assimilation and indirect rule was that the indigenous education system was better maintained under indirect rule. In India, indigenous institutions continued to exist, and upon independence, efforts were made to integrate the domi- nant and indigenous education systems.

What are the features of indirect rule?

  • A Governor. One of the features of Indirect Rule was the position of a Governor. …
  • Regional Commissioners. The colony was divided into regions for ease of administration and each region was headed by a Regional Commissioner.
  • District Commissioners. …
  • Native Authorities. …
  • Native Treasury. …
  • Native Courts.

Why did British use indirect rule?

Lack of Roads: The British could not easily reach most parts of its’ colonies because the colonies were vast with bad roads and lack of the means of communication. Hence local rulers were empowered to rule for them. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.

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How was the policy of indirect rule applied in West Africa?

By “indirect rule” is meant the policy of ruling African communities through their own chiefs. … It requires searching scrutiny before acceptance, since such acceptance, if the claim is untrue, must involve the chaos from which indirect rule has hitherto saved West African society.

Who introduced indirect rule in West Africa?

The British policy of indirect rule was most clearly formulated by Frederick J.D. Lugard in Nigeria. In the early 1900s, long after Britain annexed Lagos as a crown colony (1861), Lugard conquered the north.

What is the difference between indirect rule and assimilation?

Within colonial discourse, indirect rule designates a British system of African governance through indigenous chiefs, usually contrasted with French assimilation, a more centralized policy of transforming colonial subjects into replicas of European citizens.

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