Ethiopia is bounded by Eritrea to the north, Djibouti to the northeast, Somalia to the east, Kenya to the south, and South Sudan and Sudan to the west.
What are the four countries surrounding Ethiopia?
Ethiopia is a landlocked sovereign country located in the Horn of Africa. Ethiopia is bordered by Eritrea to the north, Sudan to the west, South Sudan to the south-west, Kenya to the south, Somalia to the east and Djibouti to the north-east.
What country was part of Ethiopia?
The country was occupied by Italy in 1936 and became Italian Ethiopia as part of Italian East Africa, until it was liberated during World War II 5 years later in 1941.
|Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia show Name in national languages|
|• Transitional government||1991|
|• Current constitution||1995|
What was Ethiopia called before?
Ethiopia, formerly Abyssinia is a country in the East Africa. It shares its borders with Somalia. The Ethiopian Kingdom was founded in the 10th century, Before Christ (BC).
How many countries are in Ethiopia?
Ethiopia’s population is highly diverse, containing over 80 different ethnic groups. Most people in Ethiopia speak Afro-Asiatic languages, mainly of the Cushitic and Semitic branches. The former includes the Oromo and Somali, and the latter includes the Amhara and Tigray.
What race are Ethiopians?
Studies of Ethiopians belonging to Semitic and Cushitic ethnic groups mostly from the north of the country (the Oromo, Amhara, Tigray, and Gurage) estimate approximately 40% of their autosomal ancestry to be derived from an ancient non-African back-migration from the near East, and about 60% to be of local native …
Why is Ethiopia so special?
It has the largest population of any landlocked country in the world. With mountains over 4,500 meters high, Ethiopia is the roof of Africa. … The painting and crafts are especially unique, and are characterized by the North African and Middle Eastern traditional influences combined with Christian culture.
How old is Ethiopian?
Ethiopia is the oldest independent country in Africa and one of the world’s oldest – it exists for at least 2,000 years. The country comprises more than 80 ethnic groups and as many languages. Primarily their shared independent existence unites Ethiopia’s many nations.
Is the Ark of Covenant in Ethiopia?
The Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church claims to possess the Ark of the Covenant, or Tabot, in Axum. The object is currently kept under guard in a treasury near the Church of Our Lady Mary of Zion.
What is the Ethiopia famous for?
Ethiopia is known as the Cradle of Mankind, with some of the earliest ancestors found buried in the soil. Lucy (3.5 million years old), the most famous fossils found, were unearthed in Hadar. Ethiopia remains one of the only nations in Africa never to be colonized.
Why did the Ethiopian empire fall?
However, the Ethiopian Civil War, domestic discontent, and the independence war of Eritrea led to the fall of the Empire in 1974. … It was the second-to-last country in Africa to use the title of Emperor, as after it came the short lived Central African Empire, which lasted between 1976 and 1979 under Emperor Bokassa I.
What is the deepest lake in Ethiopia?
Lake Shala (also spelled Shalla) is an alkaline lake located in the Ethiopian Rift Valley, in the Abijatta-Shalla National Park.
|Average depth||87 m (285 ft)|
|Max. depth||266 m (873 ft)|
|Water volume||36.7 km3 (8.8 cu mi)|
|Surface elevation||1,558 m (5,112 ft)|
When did Italy leave Ethiopia?
|Italian Empire of Ethiopia Etiopia italiana የኢጣልያ መንግሥት|
|• Italian Ethiopia proclaimed by Italy||9 May 1936|
|• Declaired part of Italian East Africa||1 June 1936|
|• Second Italo-Ethiopian War ends||19 February 1937|
Is Ethiopia Islamic country?
Ethiopia has close historical ties to all three of the world’s major Abrahamic religions. Christians form the majority of the population. Islam is the second most followed religion, with 33.9% of the population being adherents.
Is English spoken in Ethiopia?
Of the languages spoken in Ethiopia, 86 are living and 2 are extinct. … English is the most widely spoken foreign language and is the medium of instruction in secondary schools and universities.
Which language is spoken in Ethiopia?