Frequent question: What is water resource in Ethiopia?

Ethiopia has a complex topography, diversified climate, and immense water resources. … Although it needs further detailed investigation, according to the current knowledge, the country has about 124.4 billion cubic meter (BCM) river water, 70 BCM lake water, and 30 BCM groundwater resources.

What are the main water sources in Ethiopia?

The great majority of the rural community water supply relies on groundwater through shallow wells, deep wells and springs. People who have no access to improved supply usually obtain water from rivers, unprotected springs and hand-dug wells.

What is the main water resource problem in Ethiopia?

Similar to many African countries, parts of Ethiopia face water shortages, poor sanitation, and a lack of access to clean water sources. Ethiopia is located in Africa’s Horn where drought and politics are two leading causes of water shortage.

What is water policy in Ethiopia?

Ethiopian Water Resources Management Policy. … The overall goal of the Policy is to enhance and promote all national efforts towards the efficient, equitable and optimum utilization of the available Water Resources of Ethiopia for significant socioeconomic development on sustainable basis.

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What is the meaning of water resources?

Water resources are natural resources of water that are potentially useful. 97% of the water on the Earth is salt water and only three percent is fresh water; slightly over two thirds of this is frozen in glaciers and polar ice caps.

Is water safe to drink in Ethiopia?

The tap water is generally NOT safe to drink anywhere in Ethiopia. Bottled water or filtered water is readily available at tourist sites, hotels, safari camps & restaurants, and hot water (boiled to make it safe) or hot tea is generally offered with a meal at a restaurant.

Is Ethiopia still in a drought?

Ethiopia is in the grip of its worst drought in recent history. … Humanitarian needs in Ethiopia have tripled since early 2015 as severe drought in some regions, exacerbated by the strongest El Nino in decades, caused successive harvest failures and widespread livestock deaths.

How does Ethiopia get clean water?

USAID investments connect communities to clean drinking water sources. Agricultural activity is by far the largest consumer of water in Ethiopia. An estimated 93 percent of all water withdrawals in the country (surface water and groundwater) are for agricultural use, much higher than the global average of 70 percent.

What is the cause of drought in Ethiopia?

In summary, climate change leading to global warming and reduced rainfall, coupled with population pressure, deforestation and change in land use are all major factors in the increasing risk of drought in Ethiopia.

Are there wells in Ethiopia?

Salesian well projects in Ethiopia utilize construction techniques compatible with cultural traditions, practices and customs of the region and use locally sourced materials. The new wells will improve sanitation and provide safe drinking water and water for agriculture and food production.

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What is the importance of water resources?

Water resources are sources of water that are useful or potentially useful to humans. It is important because it is needed for life to exist. Many uses of water include agricultural, industrial, household, recreational and environmental activities. Virtually all of these human uses require fresh water.

What are the advantages of water resources?


  • Dams can prevent flooding in the area.
  • They are made to last a very long time.
  • Dams provide cheap electricity for millions of people.
  • This graph shows how the water is used in a dam as a benefited way. …
  • Dams provide irrigation control.
  • They also provide rubbish control (debris control).


What are the benefits of water resources?

The poor gain directly from improved access to basic water and sanitation services through improved health, averted health care costs and time saved. Good management of water resources brings more certainty and efficiency in productivity across economic sectors and contributes to the health of the ecosystem.

Across the Sahara