Frequent question: How big are cocoa farms in Ghana?

The majority of Ghana’s cocoa farmers are self-employed and operate small-scale farms of 2 to 5 hectares. Given their small farm size, yields are often low at an average of 0.42 tonnes per hectare.

How big are cocoa farms?

In West Africa, for example, the average cocoa farm is a 3 to 4 hectare (or 7 to 10 acre) plot, operated by a family that lives on the farm or nearby. Estimates place the number of West African cocoa farms at 1.5 to 2 million, with more than 4.5 million cocoa farms worldwide.

How much does an average cocoa farmer in Ghana earn?

Cocoa farmers in Ghana make $1/day, while those in Côte d’Ivoire make around $0.78/day—both significantly below the extreme poverty line. Farmers are often unable to bear the costs of cocoa farming as a result of low incomes.

How much do cocoa farmers make?

The average cocoa farm will produce one or two tonnes of cocoa beans a year; one tonne is 16 sacks of cocoa. The average farmer will make between $1,400-$2,000 profit a year, at most about $5 a day, which will need to support 6-10 dependants.

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How many people are cocoa farmers?

There are 5 million to 6 million cocoa farmers who rely on the cocoa bean for their livelihood. The cocoa bean grows. Farmers grow cocoa trees on small farms in tropical environments, within 15-20 degrees north and south of the equator.

Why are cocoa farmers paid so little?

As a result of low yields due to poor farming practices, aging trees and limited access to inputs such as fertilizer and planting materials. The average cocoa farmer’s income is significantly below the World Bank’s extreme poverty line of USD 1.

Is growing cocoa profitable?

As mentioned before, growing cocoa in India as a profitable crop is possible when inter-cropping is done scientifically. According to some calculations, a farmer can earn up to Rs 60,000 per acre of land along with coconut, from which he can earn Rs. 30,000 per acre.

How much money does a cocoa farmer get per chocolate bar?

On average, cocoa farmers earn just 6% of the final value a bar of chocolate.

How many bags of cocoa can an acre of land produce?

He said it was targeting per acre average yield of 25 bags of cocoa – harvest between 200 and 300 pods from every tree.

How many times is cocoa harvested in a year?

Cocoa harvest is not restricted to one period per year and a harvest typically occurs over several months. In fact, in many countries, cocoa can be harvested at any time of the year.

Why is chocolate so cheap?

Big chocolate manufacturers manage to make millions of dollars by selling chocolate created with cheap, low-quality and often unhealthy ingredients. Long gone are the times when Mayas and Aztecs consumed their cacao in drinking form with just a few spices and water.

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How much do Fairtrade cocoa farmers get paid?

The average female cocoa farmer is paid as little as 23p a day, highlighting a gender pay gap in the global chocolate industry, according to Fairtrade. That figure is well below the extreme global poverty line of £1.40 a day, and average farmer pay rate of 75p a day.

How much do African cocoa farmers get paid?

“A cocoa farmer in Ivory Coast earns 50¢ a day, compared to a cocoa manufacturer making $390 million a year in profit. Women get paid far less,” spokeswoman Kelly Dent says. “Twelve of the lowest-paying stages in cocoa production are reserved for women.

How hard is it to farm cocoa?

From trees to sacks

Growing cocoa is hard manual work and very labour intensive, as caring for and harvesting the beans requires close and continuous attention. The cocoa tree flowers and bears fruit throughout the entire year. It produces large cocoa pods, which need to be cut from the trees by machetes or sticks.

How much does cocoa cost?

In 2019, the average price for cocoa stood at 2.34 nominal U.S. dollars per kilogram.

How much do Fairtrade farmers get paid?

When selling on Fairtrade terms, farmers will receive the market price and Premium of $200 a tonne on top, increasing to $240 a tonne from October 2019 due to the Fairtrade Price review.

Across the Sahara