Karamoja is an arid/semi-arid region — 28,000 sq km in area, located in Uganda’s north-east and inhabited by 1.2 million people distributed among 11 different ethnic groups (Sagal and Grade, 2012). The region has two rainy seasons and an intense hot and dry season from October to April.
Which type of vegetation covers the largest part of Uganda?
Savannah grasslands cover most of Uganda but vary in different regions depending on the altitude and temperatures. Southwest may be wooded, shrubby to the north, or dry to the northeast. Savannah habitat is dominated by grassland dotted with Borassus palms, woodland with forest patches.
Which district in Uganda is covered by equatorial vegetation?
Map of the Bunyaruguru area in southwestern Uganda (equatorial East Africa, cf. inset map) showing the topographical, climatic and vegetation settings of Lake Chibwera and eight other crater lakes within and near Queen Elizabeth National Park serving as pollen reference sites.
Is Uganda semi-arid?
Adaptation to drought in the semi-arid areas Uganda lies across the equator and occupies 241,038 square kilometres, of which open water and swamps constitute 43,941 square kilometres.
What is the vegetation of Uganda?
Vegetation – Uganda. Vegetation is heaviest in the south and typically becomes wooded savanna in central and northern Uganda. In Uganda there lots of different types of plant life but the most common are Candelabra trees and Elephant grass. Candelabra trees are found near the equator and in the East Indies and Africa.
What are examples of vegetation?
These areas have distinct types of plants, soil, and weather patterns. Vegetation regions can be divided into five major types: forest, grassland, tundra, desert, and ice sheet.
What are the types of natural vegetation?
Types of Natural Vegetation in India
- Tropical Evergreen Rain Forests.
- Deciduous or Monsoon Type of Forests.
- Dry Deciduous Forests.
- Mountain Forests.
- Tidal or Mangrove Forests.
- Semi-Desert and Desert Vegetations.
What is a natural vegetation?
Natural vegetation refers to a plant community, which has grown naturally without human aid and has been left undisturbed by humans for a long time. This is termed as a virgin vegetation. Thus, cultivated crops and fruits, orchards form part of vegetation but not natural vegetation.
What are the characteristics of savanna vegetation?
Savanna vegetation includes scrub , grasses and occasional trees, which grow near water holes , seasonal rivers or aquifers . Plants and animals have to adapt to the long dry periods. Many plants are xerophytic – for example, the acacia tree with its small, waxy leaves and thorns.
Which climatic zone covers the biggest part of Uganda?
30′ South of the equator, and longitudes 30deg. 0′ East and 35deg. 0′ East of Greenwich, covering an area of 242,554 sq.km. Topographically much of Uganda can be classified as a plateau, with numerous small hills and valleys and extensive savanna plains.
UGANDA – DISTRICT DIVISIONS & CITIES.
What is the coldest month in Uganda?
The coldest month is May, with an average high-temperature of 24.4°C (75.9°F) and an average low-temperature of 17.3°C (63.1°F).
Does it get cold in Uganda?
The climate is mild to cold and wet. It is on average 20°C/68°F during the day, becoming cold after sunset (9°C/48°F). The climate is quite varied because of the park’s wide range of altitudes. Temperatures drop by about 6.5°C for every 1,000m you climb.
Does Uganda have snow?
There are no organised Uganda ski areas and indeed the country very rarely sees any snow, but the country’s Ruwenzori Mountains, which lie along the border with the Democratic Republic of the Congo, are some of the highest on the continent reaching heights of up to 5,109m (16,761 feet) and have glaciers on their upper …
Why is vegetation so important?
Vegetation is a key component of an ecosystem and, as such, is involved in the regulation of various biogeochemical cycles, e.g., water, carbon, nitrogen. Vegetation converts solar energy into biomass and forms the base of all food chains. Vegetation provides wildlife habitat and food. …
What’s a vegetation?
The term vegetation is used in ecology to describe the overall characteristics of plant cover in an area by: referring to dominant plant growth forms or structural characteristics, e.g., forest vegetation, grassland vegetation; … referring to specific plant communities, e.g., peat bog or trembling aspen vegetation types.
What is vegetation distribution?
Vegetation types are mainly distributed along a north-to-south gradient of precipitation and according to different soil types, as well as precipitation variability in an east to west direction (Miranda 1958; Wright 1967).