Best answer: What made ancient Egypt a great civilization?

Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile River in large part because the river’s annual flooding ensured reliable, rich soil for growing crops. Repeated struggles for political control of Egypt showed the importance of the region’s agricultural production and economic resources.

Why was ancient Egypt the best civilization?

The success of ancient Egyptian civilization came partly from its ability to adapt to the conditions of the Nile River valley for agriculture. The predictable flooding and controlled irrigation of the fertile valley produced surplus crops, which supported a more dense population, and social development and culture.

What made the Egyptian civilization so advanced?

Egyptians were a very advanced civilization due to their inventions and technology. Egyptians developed a writing system called hieroglyphs that combined pictures and symbols. Eventually, they created an alphabet from their symbols. … Egyptians figured out amazing ways to cut stone to use in their temples and obelisks.

What was the most important thing in ancient Egypt?

The most important thing the Nile provided to the Ancient Egyptians was fertile land. Most of Egypt is desert, but along the Nile River the soil is rich and good for growing crops. The three most important crops were wheat, flax, and papyrus.

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What are the main features of Egyptian civilization?

  • Arts and Architecture.
  • Writings In Ancient Egypt.
  • Social Classes. Ancient Egyptians had a complex social hierarchy that divided each family into social classes that they were given by birth . …
  • Public Works.
  • Cities. Pyramids, Nile river, Stone and brick. …
  • Organized Government. …
  • Complex Religion. …
  • Job Specialization.

What was the longest lasting civilization?

An old missionary student of China once remarked that Chinese history is “remote, monotonous, obscure, and-worst of all-there is too much of it.” China has the longest continuous history of any country in the world—3,500 years of written history.

How did the Egyptian civilization last so long?

WHY DID EGYPTIAN CIVILZATION LAST SO LONG? Egypt became wealthy through farming and trade. Its power was built up by strong governments, led by PHARAOHS and staffed by well-trained scribes (officials). The nation was defended by huge armies.

What was the smartest civilization?

7 Most Advanced Ancient Civilizations in the World

  • Ancient China 2100 – 221 BC. …
  • Ancient Egypt 3150 – 31 BC. …
  • Inca Civilization 1200 – 1542 AD (Modern day Peru) …
  • Ancient Greece 800 BC – 146 BC. …
  • Maya Civilization 2000 BC – early 16th Century (Modern day Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador and Honduras) …
  • Osirian Civilization (Modern day Mediterranean)

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Which qualities of advanced civilization did Egypt have?

Terms in this set (5)

  • Advanced Cities. Grew out of farming villages on the Nile. …
  • Specialized Workers. Traders on the Nile. …
  • Complex institutions. Some form of food government and religion life. …
  • Record Keeping. Hieroglyphics represented sounds. …
  • Improved Technology. Solar calendar, and advanced medicine.
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What are 3 Egyptian inventions?

Read on for 10 of the most important Ancient Egyptian inventions.

  • Bowling. …
  • Paper And Ink. …
  • Make-Up And Wigs. …
  • Barbers. …
  • The Calendar And Timekeeping. …
  • Tables (And Other Furniture) …
  • Toothpaste And Breath Mints. …
  • The Police.

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Who defeated Egypt?

In the mid-fourth century B.C., the Persians again attacked Egypt, reviving their empire under Ataxerxes III in 343 B.C. Barely a decade later, in 332 B.C., Alexander the Great of Macedonia defeated the armies of the Persian Empire and conquered Egypt.

Were slaves used to build the pyramids?

Slave life

There is a consensus among Egyptologists that the Great Pyramids were not built by slaves. Rather, it was farmers who built the pyramids during flooding, when they could not work in their lands.

Who was the first pharaoh of Egypt?

Many scholars believe the first pharaoh was Narmer, also called Menes. Though there is some debate among experts, many believe he was the first ruler to unite upper and lower Egypt (this is why pharaohs hold the title of “lord of two lands”).

Why is the Egyptian civilization important?

Egyptian civilization developed along the Nile River in large part because the river’s annual flooding ensured reliable, rich soil for growing crops. Repeated struggles for political control of Egypt showed the importance of the region’s agricultural production and economic resources.

What are the elements of Egyptian civilization?

Many of the surviving forms come from tombs and monuments, and thus have a focus on life after death and preservation of knowledge.

  • Symbolism. …
  • Hierarchical Scale. …
  • Painting. …
  • Sculpture. …
  • Faience, Pottery, and Glass. …
  • Papyrus. …
  • Architecture. …
  • The Amarna Period (1353-1336 BCE)
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Was Egypt the first civilization?

The Ancient Egyptian Civilization

Ancient Egypt is one of the oldest and culturally rich civilizations on this list. … The civilization coalesced around 3150 BC (according to conventional Egyptian chronology) with the political unification of Upper and Lower Egypt under the first pharaoh.

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