Primary Health Care is the lowest level of essential health care that is provided to the majority of the population of Ethiopia at a cost that the country and the community can afford.
What is the meaning of primary health care?
Primary health care, or PHC, refers to “essential health care” that is based on scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology. This makes universal health care accessible to all individuals and families in a community.
What are the 5 principles of primary health care?
The principles of primary health care are accessibility, public participation, health promo- tion, appropriate technology and intersectoral cooperation. Accessibility means that the five types of health care are universally available to all clients regardless of geo- graphic location.
What is the healthcare system in Ethiopia?
Ethiopia’s health care system includes primary health centres, clinics, and hospitals. Only major cities have hospitals with full-time physicians, and most of the hospitals are in Addis Ababa. Access to modern health care is very limited, and in many rural areas it is virtually nonexistent.
What are the functions of PHC?
Primary Health Centre (India)
- Provision of medical care.
- Maternal-child health including family planning.
- Safe water supply and basic sanitation.
- Prevention and control of locally endemic diseases.
- Collection and reporting of vital statistics.
- Education about health.
- National health programmes, as relevant.
- Referral services.
What are examples of primary health care?
Your primary healthcare practitioner is usually your regular GP, who provides comprehensive and ongoing general medical care, but you may have several primary health professionals you see regularly. For example, a dentist, counsellor, dietitian, osteopath or physiotherapist, are all primary healthcare providers.
What are the 8 elements of primary health care?
Specifically, Alma-Ata Declaration has outlined eight essential components of PHC , including: (1) Health education on prevailing health problems and the methods of preventing and controlling them; (2) Nutritional promotion including food supply; (3) Supply of adequate safe water and sanitation; (4) Maternal and …
What are the 7 principles of primary health care?
Primary Health Care is founded on the interconnecting principles of equity, access, empowerment, community self-determination and intersectoral collaboration. It encompasses an understanding of the social, environmental, economic, cultural and political determinants of health.
What are the 3 pillars of primary health care?
A primary health care approach includes three components: meeting people’s health needs throughout their lives; addressing the broader determinants of health through multisectoral policy and action; and. empowering individuals, families and communities to take charge of their own health.
What are the 10 components of primary healthcare?
Point out elements of primary health care as drafted by Alma Ata conference.
- Provision of balance diet and maintain cleanliness and sanitation.
- Prevention and control of local endemic diseases.
- Immunization against major infectious diseases.
- Maternal and child health care.
- Provision of essential drugs supply.
What are the main health problems in Ethiopia?
The main health concerns in Ethiopia include maternal mortality, malaria, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS compounded by acute malnutrition and lack of access to clean water and sanitation.
What diseases are in Ethiopia?
The main diseases most commonly en- countered are: malaria, diarrhea, intestinal helminthiasis, acute respiratory infections including pneu- monia, tuberculosis and skin diseases. Outbreaks of meningitis, measles and diarrhoeal diseases including cholera are also common during droughts.
What is the average salary in Ethiopia?
A person working in Ethiopia typically earns around 8,900 ETB per month. Salaries range from 2,250 ETB (lowest average) to 39,700 ETB (highest average, actual maximum salary is higher). This is the average monthly salary including housing, transport, and other benefits.
Why is PHC important?
Primary health care is essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their participation and at a cost that the community and country can afford to maintain at every stage of …
What is difference between PHC and CHC?
The primary tier is designed to have three types of health care institutions, namely, a Sub-Centre (SC) for a population of 3000-5000, a Primary Health Centre (PHC) for 20000 to 30000 people and a Community Health Centre (CHC) as referral centre for every four PHCs covering a population of 80,000 to 1.2 lakh.
What is the full form of PHC?
Abstract. PIP: The meaning of primary health care (PHC) has evolved over time and, by examining its origins and later formulations, it is possible to arrive at what is meant by PHC today. It originated as primary medical care where patients met health workers.