The spread of education and urbanisation of Africans led to the growth of ideas about independence. The people began to question colonial rule and challenged their exclusion from the governmental process. It was because of these developments that the process of decolonisation in Africa began.
Why did some African countries have to fight for independence?
Some African countries had to fight for independence because Europeans had settled in certain lands and didn’t want them to gain independence because they wanted to use their natural resources. This occurred in Kenya and Algeria where Europeans had settled and the Africans had to fight for independence.
What caused the African independence movements?
Attracted by the promise of wealth from gold, diamonds, exotic hardwoods, and other natural riches, European nations claimed large portions of Africa for their colonial empires. Besides seizing the land of Africans, the Europeans also destroyed many of their freedoms and their institutions of government.
Who led African independence movements?
Jomo Kenyatta was an important leader of the independence movement in Kenya. ) in which 70 Europeans were killed and 18,000 black Africans were killed.
What three conditions helped bring about African independence?
Nations signed a treaty to end colonialism worldwide after World War II. African nations wanted to avoid the Cold War. The Pan-African movement encouraged nationalism and independence for Africa.
Did South Africa fight for independence?
The struggle for independence in South Africa was costly. In 1960 over seventy people were killed in the Sharpeville massacre. In 1974 South Africa was expelled from the United Nations because of Apartheid. … Four years later, Mandela was president and the struggle for independence in South Africa was over.
Which African country was the first to gain independence?
|1||Liberia||26 July 1847|
|2||South Africa||31 May 1910|
|3||Egypt||28 February 1922|
|4||Eritrea||10 February 1947|
How did World War 2 affect African independence?
The Second World War was a catalyst for African political freedom and independence. The war helped build strong African nationalism, which resulted in a common goal for all Africans to fight for their freedom. … Nazi Germany was trapped on both fronts and eventually stopped fighting after May of 1945.
Which African country is still Colonised?
Western Sahara is still colonized because it is rich in natural resources that became a sort of curse to the Saharawi people, and free stolen goods to those countries and governments exploiting it in complicity with Morocco. And the list of the guilty plunderers of this African country is huge.
Which country got independence first?
In 1939, Canada, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand were the first to be given independence within the Commonwealth. Since then a total of 62 countries have gained independence from the United Kingdom. This is followed by France with 28, Spain with 17, The Soviet Union with 16, Portugal with 7 and the USA with 5.
Why was Africa colonized so late?
European presence in the black continent actually started before their presence in the New World. However, Caucasians there faced the same problem Native Americans had – Europeans lacked immunity to tropical diseases prevalent in Africa, to which Africans did have inherited resistance.
Which countries used armed struggle in Africa?
Notable independence movements took place:
- Algeria (former French Algeria), see Algerian War.
- Angola (former Portuguese Angola), see Portuguese Colonial War.
- Guinea-Bissau (former Portuguese Guinea), see Portuguese Colonial War.
- Kenya (former British Kenya), see Mau Mau Uprising.
- Madagascar (see Malagasy Uprising)
How did Niger gain independence?
Independence. On 11 July 1960 France agreed to Niger becoming fully independent. The French Fifth Republic passed a revision of the French Community allowing membership of independent states. … Subsequently, in November 1960 Diori was elected to the new position of President of Niger by the National Assembly.
Who led independence movements in South Africa?
Nelson Mandela, leader of this liberation movement, confined in prison for over 22 years by a regime which hoped he would be forgotten, has received more honours all over the world than any political prisoner.