Your question: What are the leading causes of death among South African children?

The primary causes of death in children under-5 include pneumonia, preterm birth complications, diarrhoea, birth asphyxia and malaria. Approximately one third of all childhood deaths are linked to malnutrition in the African Region.

Which of the following is the most common cause of death in children?

Unintentional injuries—such as those caused by burns, drowning, falls, poisoning and road traffic—are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality among children in the United States.

What are the 3 leading causes of death in school age children and how many die each year from each cause?

Motor vehicle crashes, firearm deaths, and pediatric cancer were the top three leading causes of death among children and adolescents in 2016, researchers found.

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What causes 60% of the deaths of children under 5 in developing countries each year?

In 44 countries, it caused less than 5% under-five deaths. Pneumonia killed 1.2 million under-five children worldwide in 2011. 700 000 children died before their fifth birthday; 60 percent of these deaths were due to the following conditions: malaria (20%), pneumonia (17%), prematurity (12%) and diarrhoea (11%).

What causes the most deaths in South Africa?

Latest data from 2017 show that Tuberculosis was with approximately 28,700 cases the leading cause of death in South Africa.

At what age are fears about death the greatest?

One study found that people in their 40s and 50s, expressed greater fears of death than those in their 60s and 70s. Similarly, another study found that people in their 60s reported less death anxiety than both people in middle age (35 to 50 years) and young adults (18 to 25 years).

At what age do children develop a concept of death?

Children begin to grasp death’s finality around age 4. In one typical study, researchers found that 10 percent of 3-year-olds understand irreversibility, compared with 58 percent of 4-year-olds. The other two aspects of death are learned a bit later, usually between age 5 and 7.

What is the leading cause of death among 15 to 24 year olds?

Unintentional injury and homicide were the leading causes of death among residents ages 15–24, each accounting for 34.2% and 32.9%, respectively, of all deaths. These were followed by suicide (9.9%) and cancer (5.8%).

Which country has the highest child mortality rate?

This statistic shows the 20 countries* with the highest infant mortality rate in 2021. An estimated 106.75 infants per 1,000 live births died in the first year of life in Afghanistan in 2021.

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Characteristic Child deaths in the first year of life per 1,000 live births
Mali 62.31
Angola 60.58

What can family members do to reduce child mortality rate?

Solutions that save lives, reduce child mortality

  • Immediate and exclusive breastfeeding.
  • Skilled attendants for antenatal, birth, and postnatal care.
  • Access to nutrition and micronutrients.
  • Family knowledge of danger signs in a child’s health.
  • Improved access to water, sanitation, and hygiene.
  • Immunizations.


Why is child mortality so high in Africa?

The causes of high infant mortality rate (IMR) in SSA are well known. … The main causes are, in order of importance, neonatal causes (26%), child pneumonia (21%), malaria (18%), diarrhoea (16%), HIV/AIDS (6%), measles (5%) and accidents (2%).

What are the top 10 causes of death in South Africa?

Here are the top 10 killers in South Africa:

Tuberculosis – 29 513 (6‚5%) Diabetes – 25 255 (5‚5%) Other forms of heart disease (includes pericarditis‚ endocarditis‚ pulmonary valve disorders‚ cardiac arrest‚ atrial fibrillation) – 23 515 (5‚2%) Cerebrovascular diseases – 23 137 (5‚1%)

What causes most deaths in Africa?

Although HIV is not one of the leading causes of death worldwide, it remains within the top five leading causes of death in Africa.

Distribution of the leading causes of death in Africa in 2019.

Characteristic Distribution of causes of death
Ischaemic heart disease 5.5%
Stroke 5.5%
Malaria 5%
Tuberculosis 4.9%

What are the most common diseases in South Africa?

  • Tuberculosis.
  • Diabetes.
  • Other forms of heart disease.
  • Cerebrovascular diseases.
  • Hypertensive diseases.
  • Influenza and pneumonia.
  • Other viral diseases.
  • Ischaemic heart diseases.
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Across the Sahara