Africa is the most tropical of all continents. Climate and vegetation range from equatorial rainforests, tropical deserts and savanna grassland to Mediterranean. The Sahara Desert, the largest of its kind anywhere in the world, is over 10.4 million km2 n North to south is approx.
What is unique about African geography?
Africa is the world’s hottest continent with deserts and drylands covering 60% of land surface area (e.g. Kalahari, Sahara and Namib). Africa is the world’s second driest continent (after Australia). Africa has approximately 30% of the earth’s remaining mineral resources.
How might the physical geography of Africa be characterized?
Your answer: Most of the continent is made up of tropical rain forest. Deserts and savannas cover almost half of the continent.
What landforms are unique to Africa?
Africa contains mainly volcanic mountains. Mount Kenya and Mount Kilimanjaro, Africa’s highest mountain, are both volcanoes. Volcanic activity also produced the Ethiopian Highlands, the Tibesti Mountains in the Sahara, and Mount Cameroon in West Africa.
How is the continent of Africa physically diverse?
Africa has an array of diverse ecosystems, from sandy deserts to lush rain forests. Africa, the second-largest continent, is bounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, the Indian Ocean, and the Atlantic Ocean. It is divided in half almost equally by the Equator.
What are 3 major geographical features?
Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of landforms. Minor landforms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create landforms by pushing up mountains and hills.
What are 3 physical features?
Landforms & Physical Features
- Geography Landforms & Physical Features. Our Earth is made up of a many different types of landforms. …
- Mountains. Mountains are large, tall, and elevated land areas on the earth’s surface that rise abruptly from the surrounding land area. …
- Plains. …
- Plateaus. …
- Mesas. …
- Buttes. …
- Deserts. …
What is the physical geography of Africa?
Africas physical geography, environment and resources, and human geography can be considered separately. Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.
How does physical geography affect trade in Africa?
How did geography affect West Africa? There were so many different geographical features, so Africans were forced to trade for what they needed. … They charged fees for trading activity and used their money to expand. More people came to live in the city, so they gave out more jobs.
How did Africa’s geography affect its development?
The geography of Africa helped to shape the history and development of the culture and civilizations of Ancient Africa. The geography impacted where people could live, important trade resources such as gold and salt, and trade routes that helped different civilizations to interact and develop.
What are 4 physical features?
Therefore, Standard 4 contains these themes: The Concept of Place and The Characteristics of Places. Places are jointly characterized by their physical and human properties. Their physical characteristics include landforms, climate, soils, and hydrology.
What are five physical features?
Landforms include hills, mountains, plateaus, canyons, and valleys, as well as shoreline features such as bays, peninsulas, and seas, including submerged features such as mid-ocean ridges, volcanoes, and the great ocean basins.
What are Africa’s most important landforms?
Some of the main African landforms are:
- plateaus (which dominate the landscape)
- huge mountains.
- long rivers.
- large lakes.
- massive deserts.
- deep valleys.
- dense rainforests.
- expansive grasslands.
What separates Africa from Europe and Asia?
Mediterranean Sea, an intercontinental sea that stretches from the Atlantic Ocean on the west to Asia on the east and separates Europe from Africa.
How large is the Sahara What makes it unique?
With an area of 9,200,000 square kilometres (3,600,000 sq mi), it is the largest hot desert in the world and the third largest desert overall, smaller only than the deserts of Antarctica and the northern Arctic.
What are the major physical features of East Africa?
Key Takeaways. The physical geography of East Africa is dominated by the Great Rift Valley, which extends through the middle of the region from north to south. Associated with the rift valleys are vast savannas such as the Serengeti Plain, large lakes, high mountains, and the highlands of Ethiopia.