African possessions is somewhat uncertain. … The credit of having first brought the cacao tree from the New World to the African tropics undoubtedly goes to the Portuguese. They are reputed to have planted cacao on the island of San Thome” (off French Gabon) as far back as 1822.
Where does chocolate come from Africa?
70% of the world’s cocoa beans come from four West African countries: Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon. The Ivory Coast and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa: together they cultivate more than half of the world´s cocoa.
Is chocolate native to Africa?
Although the cocoa plant is not native to Africa and was introduced to our continent over 100 years ago from South America, Africa now dominates the global supply of cocoa. … This makes Africa very invaluable to the cocoa business and its related products, especially chocolate.
Why does the EU make chocolate and not Ghana?
The reason is a financial one: While Ghana can export cocoa beans duty-free to the EU, a tax of 15% of the value of the goods is levied on chocolate. If Ghana were a member of the EU, it would automatically also be a member of the internal market, in which goods can cross borders duty-free.
How did cocoa farming end up in Africa?
In West Africa, cocoa has historically been cultivated using slash and burn farming. Forest was cut down and burned before planting, and then, when the plot became infertile, the farmer moved to fresh forestland and did the same again.
Which country makes the best chocolate?
Here are seven countries that make the best chocolate.
- Belgium. You can’t go to Belgium and not go to a chocolate shop – there are more than 2,000 throughout the country! …
- Switzerland. Even if you haven’t been to Switzerland, you’ve probably had Swiss chocolate. …
- Ecuador. …
- United Kingdom. …
- Ivory Coast. …
- Italy. …
- United States.
Which country has the best cocoa in the world?
The Top Cocoa-Producing Countries
|Rank||Country||Cocoa production in 2020|
Who first ate chocolate?
The first people to use chocolate were probably the Olmec of what is today southeast Mexico. They lived in the area around 1000 BC, and their word, “kakawa,” gave us our word “cacao.” Unfortunately, that’s all we know. We don’t know how (or even if) the Olmec actually used chocolate.
Who first made chocolate?
Chocolate’s 4,000-year history began in ancient Mesoamerica, present day Mexico. It’s here that the first cacao plants were found. The Olmec, one of the earliest civilizations in Latin America, were the first to turn the cacao plant into chocolate.
Which African country is famous for chocolate?
Ivory Coast (Côte d’Ivoire) leads the world in production and export of the cocoa beans used in the manufacture of chocolate, as of 2012, supplying 38% of cocoa produced in the world.
Why chocolate is not made in Africa?
Anna Jones (Letters, 18 September) asks, “why can’t the chocolate be made in Africa?” The answer is simple: it can. … Apart from the advantage of selling in to a more stable market, there would be the added ecological bonus in that chocolate bars require much less transportation space than the beans that make them.
Is Ghana a part of Africa?
Ghana is a West African country on the Gulf of Guinea. Its neighbours are Côte d’Ivoire, to the west, Burkina Faso, which lies north, and Togo, to the east. Ghana is mainly flat, but there are hills in the northern part of the country. It has a central area of forest and sandy beaches along the coast.
Who dominates the chocolate trade?
The Hershey chocolate company controls nearly 44 percent of the U.S. chocolate market, followed by Mars with a 30 percent share.
Which country is the largest producer of cocoa?
Most cocoa is produced in West Africa
Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for over 60% of global cocoa production, followed by Ecuador with seven percent. Indonesia is the biggest cocoa producer in Asia.
Who brought the first cocoa tree to Africa?
In Nigeria, the position is very similar to that of the Gold Coast. For cocoa is alleged to have been first introduced there by a native chief called “Squiss Banego” in 1874—also from Fernando Po. He established a cocoa farm in the Bonny district and cultivation spread.
Which country is the largest exporter of cocoa?
In 2019, Ivory Coast was the world’s leading cocoa bean exporter, based on export value. That year, the Ivory Coast exported about 3.57 billion U.S. dollars worth of cocoa beans worldwide.
Leading cocoa bean exporters worldwide in 2019 (in million U.S. dollars)
|Characteristic||Export value in million U.S. dollars|