In the case of Africa, some of its countries’ borders have straight-line because they colonized by European powers. Most of these colonies obtained independence during the 1900s. European powers divided up regions between themselves and drew borders dividing mainly to avoid a dispute with other powers.
Why do borders have straight lines?
Borders are straight lines when the people who drew them did not care about what they meant for the people on the ground. They only wanted to get it done with easily. Such a border may split a house from the fields, run through a community and is often difficult to mark on the ground.
What percentage of Africa’s borders are straight lines?
2 Moreover, with 44% of borders drawn as straight lines, “Africa is the region most notorious for arbitrary borders” (Alesina et al.
Why are country borders not straight?
Irregular borders were drawn along the lines of certain natural features, such as mountain ranges and rivers. … The common reason for such borders was that it had no economic gain for occupants on either side to divide the land in a specific way; so it ended up being the obvious choice – a straight line.
How did African countries get their borders?
In 1885 European leaders met at the infamous Berlin Conference to divide Africa and arbitrarily draw up borders that exist to this day. … Lines of longitude and latitude, rivers and mountain ranges were pressed into service as borders separating the colonies.
Are lines straight?
A line is a straight one-dimensional figure having no thickness and extending infinitely in both directions. A line is sometimes called a straight line or, more archaically, a right line (Casey 1893), to emphasize that it has no “wiggles” anywhere along its length.
Do countries have lines between them?
Political boundaries are the dividing lines between countries, states, provinces, counties, and cities. These lines, more often called borders, are created by people to separate areas governed by different groups.
Why did Europeans want to colonize Africa?
During this time, many European countries expanded their empires by aggressively establishing colonies in Africa so that they could exploit and export Africa’s resources. Raw materials like rubber, timber, diamonds, and gold were found in Africa. Europeans also wanted to protect trade routes.
What are man made borders?
Man-made boundaries help create convergence that can influence where convection first forms. Examples of man-made boundaries include farming-vegetation boundaries, urban and rural boundaries and land use boundaries. Humans have dramatically changed the vegetation type is certain areas.
When did the scramble for Africa begin?
1885 – 1914
Which country has the longest border in the world?
Land border: Canada’s border with the United States is the world’s longest international border, at 8,890 km. This compares with the 6,846-km boundary between Russia and Kazakhstan and the 5,308-km frontier between Chile and Argentina.
How did state lines get drawn?
State borders were drawn in the distant past. … Most state borders were drawn centuries ago, long before the country was fully settled, and often the lines were drawn somewhat arbitrarily, to coincide with topography or latitude and longitude lines that today have little to do with population numbers.
What state does not have a straight border?
Of the 50 states, only the border of Hawaii is not defined by any straight lines.
What was Africa called before it became Africa?
What was Africa called before Africa? The Kemetic or Alkebulan history of Afrika suggests that the ancient name of the continent was Alkebulan. The word Alkebu-Ian is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin. Alkebulan meaning the garden of Eden or the mother of mankind.
Why is unsanitary water a problem in Africa?
Introduction. Sub-Saharan Africa suffers from chronically overburdened water systems under increasing stress from fast-growing urban areas. Weak governments, corruption, mismanagement of resources, poor long-term investment, and a lack of environmental research and urban infrastructure only exacerbate the problem.
How Africa is divided?
The African continent is commonly divided into five subregions: North or Northern Africa, West Africa, Central or Middle Africa, East Africa, and Southern Africa.