Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. The trans-Saharan trade routes between Songhay and the North African traders provided Europe with gold coins used to trade spices, silks and other luxuries from India.
Why were the Portuguese interested in the east African coast?
Reasons for the coming of the Portuguese at the East African coast. The need to establish a commercial empire in order to get the products of East Africa e.g. ivory, gold, silks and spices that were mainly controlled by the Arabs merchants.
Why did Portuguese explorers want to go to Africa?
Motivated by the desire for new markets and an ongoing opposition to the Muslims, Portuguese sailors had begun to explore the West African coast in the first half of the fifteenth century.
What resources did Portugal want from Africa?
The kingdom soon reaped the benefits of colonization by enslaving Africans and native peoples to mine its territories for natural resources, including gold, precious stones, wood, ivory, silver, ebony. This influx of wealth to Portugal led to expansive building programs around the world.
When did the Portuguese first arrived in Africa?
The most momentous discovery in western Africa, however, came in 1471, when Portuguese captains first reached the coast of modern Ghana between the mouths of the Ankobra and Volta rivers.
Why did the Portuguese lose control of the east African coast?
There was decline of the coastal towns because many were burnt down and left in ruins for example Kilwa and Mombasa. There was widespread poverty and misery among the coastal people due to decline in trade. There was heavy loss of lives during the attacks.
How did the Portuguese impact the East African coast?
In the sixteenth century the Portuguese drove the Arabs away from the east coast of Africa and established their own trade monopoly in the region. … These fortresses enabled them to control the trade in the western Indian Ocean as well as the trade with the African kingdoms in the interior.
What did the Portuguese trade for slaves?
By opening up sea routes to Africa, Asia and America, Western European countries — led by Portugal — rose to become internationally active trading and colonial powers. From that point onwards, trading in spices, ivory, textiles and slaves became global.
How did the Portuguese obtain most of their African slaves?
How did Portuguese merchants obtain most of their slaves in Africa? They traded for slaves with local leaders.
How did the Portuguese change African slavery?
Henrique began selling African slaves in Lagos in 1444. In 1455, Pope Nicholas V gave Portugal the rights to continue the slave trade in West Africa, under the provision that they convert all people who are enslaved. The Portuguese soon expanded their trade along the whole west coast of Africa.
Did Portugal rule the world?
One of the longest-lived empires in world history, it existed for almost six centuries, from the capture of Ceuta in 1415, to the handover of Portuguese Macau to China in 1999.
Which country started the fight against slavery in Africa?
The transatlantic slave trade began during the 15th century when Portugal, and subsequently other European kingdoms, were finally able to expand overseas and reach Africa. The Portuguese first began to kidnap people from the west coast of Africa and to take those they enslaved back to Europe.
What did the Portuguese most want to control?
The aim of Portugal in the Indian Ocean was to ensure the monopoly of the spice trade. Taking advantage of the rivalries that pitted Hindus against Muslims, the Portuguese established several forts and trading posts between 1500 and 1510.
Who sold African slaves to the Portuguese?
Benin’s conflict over slavery is particularly intense. For over 200 years, powerful kings in what is now the country of Benin captured and sold slaves to Portuguese, French and British merchants.
Who colonized Africa first?
North Africa experienced colonisation from Europe and Western Asia in the early historical period, particularly Greeks and Phoenicians. Under Egypt’s Pharaoh Amasis (570–526 BC) a Greek mercantile colony was established at Naucratis, some 50 miles from the later Alexandria.
Why did Portuguese empire fall?
By the end of the 20th century these colonial empires were history. The rise of Soviet influence in the working class, and the cost of the Portuguese Colonial War (1961–1974), led to the collapse of the Portuguese Second Republic (Estado Novo) in 1974.