The people who lived in the desert of North Africa could easily mine salt, but not gold. … They craved the precious metal that would add so much to their personal splendor and prestige. These mutual needs led to the establishment of long-distance trade routes that connected very different cultures.
Why was gold important in Africa?
The Islamic North African empires of the medieval period had an insatiable demand for gold because it was needed not only for making precious manufactured goods (e.g. jewellery, vessels, embroidered clothing and illuminated manuscripts) but also to mint coinage to pay armies.
Why was gold important to the Arab traders?
In the eighth and ninth centuries, Arab merchants operating in southern Moroccan towns such as Sijilmasa bought gold from the Berbers, and financed more caravans. … Yet gold production and trade were important activities that undoubtedly mobilized hundreds of thousands of African people.
What did the Africans trade gold for?
The main items traded were gold and salt. The gold mines of West Africa provided great wealth to West African Empires such as Ghana and Mali. Other items that were commonly traded included ivory, kola nuts, cloth, slaves, metal goods, and beads.
How did trade benefit North African traders?
How did North Africans, Wangarans and the King of Ghana benefit from trans-Saharan trade? North Africans got gold, which was a valuable trading item Wangarans got salt, which was essential to their health, and preserving foods. Ghana collected taxes from the traders.
What was a major effect of the gold salt trade in Africa?
The gold-salt trade in Africa made Ghana a powerful empire because they controlled the trade routes and taxed traders. Control of gold-salt trade routes helped Ghana, Mali, and Songhai to become large and powerful West African kingdoms.
Is salt more valuable than gold?
The historian explains that, going by trade documents from Venice in 1590, you could purchase a ton of salt for 33 gold ducats (ton the unit of measure, not the hyperbolic large quantity). … The fact is that it was actually salt trade that held more worth than the gold industry.
What did Egypt supply to Arab traders?
What did Egypt supply to Arab traders? grain.
Why did gold become so valuable?
The metal is abundant enough to create coins but rare enough so that not everyone can produce them. Gold doesn’t corrode, providing a sustainable store of value, and humans are physically and emotionally drawn to it. Societies and economies have placed value on gold, thus perpetuating its worth.
What was the most valuable trade good produced in the Arab world?
The Arabs have been known for many high-quality and valued products, which also include spices, but among the most valuable trade goods were cotton textiles.
Why was salt so valuable in Africa?
To the north lay the vast Sahara, the source of much of the salt. … People wanted gold for its beauty, but they needed salt in their diets to survive. Salt, which could be used to preserve food, also made bland food tasty. These qualities made salt very valuable.
How did Islam spread in West Africa?
Following the conquest of North Africa by Muslim Arabs in the 7th century CE, Islam spread throughout West Africa via merchants, traders, scholars, and missionaries, that is largely through peaceful means whereby African rulers either tolerated the religion or converted to it themselves.
What were some effects of slavery on communities in Africa?
The effect of slavery in Africa
Some states, such as Asante and Dahomey, grew powerful and wealthy as a result. Other states were completely destroyed and their populations decimated as they were absorbed by rivals. Millions of Africans were forcibly removed from their homes, and towns and villages were depopulated.
What things did Islam offer to African society?
Islam brought laws and stability to all parts of life for Africans, but took away many women’s rights because Africa was previously a matriarchal society. Mosques, schools, and libraries were built. The societies of Africa had been mostly polytheistic or animist, but when Islam was introduced, many became monotheistic.
Why did European traders want African gold?
The purpose of the exploration: to expand European geographic knowledge, to find the source of prized African gold, and to locate a possible sea route to valuable Asian spices. In 1441, for the first time, Portuguese sailors obtained gold dust from traders on the western coast of Africa.
Which of the following was a major port city of North Africa?
Casablanca, is the chief seaport of the country, on the Atlantic Ocean near Rabat. Casablanca is one of the leading commercial cities of North Africa. It is home to the largest artificial harbour in the world: most of the foreign trade of Morocco passes through the city.