The country became a fully sovereign nation state within the British Empire, in 1934 following enactment of the Status of the Union Act. The monarchy came to an end on 31 May 1961, replaced by a republic as the consequence of a 1960 referendum, which legitimised the country becoming the Republic of South Africa.
When did South Africa declare republic?
The vote, which was restricted to whites – the first such national election in the union – was narrowly approved by 52.29% of the voters. The Republic of South Africa was constituted on 31 May 1961.
How did South Africa gain its independence?
1934 – The Union of South Africa parliament enacts the Status of the Union Act, which declares the country to be “a sovereign independent state”. The move followed on from Britain’s passing of the Statute of Westminster in 1931, which removed the last vestiges of British legal authority over South Africa.
Why did the British settle in South Africa?
Initially British control was aimed to protect the trade route to the East, however, the British soon realised the potential to develop the Cape for their own needs. With colonialism, which began in South Africa in 1652, came the Slavery and Forced Labour Model. … Initially, a colonial contact was a two-way process.
What led to the Union of South Africa?
On the 31 May 1910, exactly eight years after the Boers had made peace with the English through the Treaty of Vereeniging, South Africa became a Union. … It must be admitted that the formation of the Union was a direct result of the Treaty of Vereenging.
What was South Africa called before?
Name. The name “South Africa” is derived from the country’s geographic location at the southern tip of Africa. Upon formation, the country was named the Union of South Africa in English and Unie van Zuid-Afrika in Dutch, reflecting its origin from the unification of four formerly separate British colonies.
What was South Africa called before 1652?
The South African Republic (Dutch: Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek or ZAR, not to be confused with the much later Republic of South Africa), is often referred to as The Transvaal and sometimes as the Republic of Transvaal.
Who was in South Africa first?
The Khoisan were the first inhabitants of southern Africa and one of the earliest distinct groups of Homo sapiens, enduring centuries of gradual dispossession at the hands of every new wave of settlers, including the Bantu, whose descendants make up most of South Africa’s black population today.
How old is South Africa as a country?
Independence: 31 May 1910 (from UK); South Africa became a republic in 1961. Geography: Location: Southern Africa, at the southern tip of the African continent. Area: 1.2 million km² (470,462 sq.
Who ruled South Africa before independence?
Increased European encroachment ultimately led to the colonisation and occupation of South Africa by the Dutch. The Cape Colony remained under Dutch rule until 1795 before it fell to the British Crown, before reverting back to Dutch Rule in 1803 and again to British occupation in 1806.
Is South Africa still a British colony?
The two European countries who occupied the land were the Netherlands (1652-1795 and 1803-1806) and Great Britain (1795-1803 and 1806-1961). Although South Africa became a Union with its own white people government in 1910, the country was still regarded as a colony of Britain till 1961.
How did Britain take control of South Africa?
The British wanted to control South Africa because it was one of the trade routes to India. However, when gold and diamonds were discovered in the 1860s-1880s their interest in the region increased. This brought them into conflict with the Boers. … Tensions between Boers and British led to the Boer War of 1899-1902.
Is England bigger than South Africa?
United Kingdom is approximately 243,610 sq km, while South Africa is approximately 1,219,090 sq km, making South Africa 400% larger than United Kingdom.
Who ruled the Union of South Africa?
Union of South Africa
|Union of South Africa Unie van Zuid-Afrika (Dutch) Unie van Suid-Afrika (Afrikaans)|
|Government||Unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy|
|• 1910–1936 (first)||George V|
|• 1936||Edward VIII|
What did the South Africa Act do?
South Africa Act, act of 1909 that unified the British colonies of the Cape Colony, Natal, Transvaal, and Orange River (see Orange Free State) and thereby established the Union of South Africa.
What was the law of 1910 in South Africa?
The first Constitution for the Union of South Africa was adopted in 1910. This gave rights to the white minority but took away the right to vote of the majority of South Africans. In 1960 the white government held a referendum to decide whether South Africa would become a Republic.