In the arable regions, where soils are fertile and the climate is favorable for crop cultivation, higher population densities are found. Thus, the Peanut Basin of western Senegal, the Niger-Nigeria border region, central Burkina Faso, and southwestern Chad stand out by their relatively high rural population densities.
What are the reasons for high population growth in West Africa?
These questions can best be answered by considering the key drivers of population growth in Africa. The main one is high fertility which is driven by multiple factors, including high desired family size, low levels of use of modern contraceptives, and high levels of adolescent childbearing.
Which region of Africa is most populated?
West Africa is, with its 15 members of the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) the region with the largest number of countries. It is also the most populous region, with an estimated 350 million people in 2015. Nigeria counts for more than half of West Africa’s population.
Is West Africa densely populated?
Western Africa ranks number 2 in Africa among subregions ranked by Population. The population density in Western Africa is 66 per Km2 (172 people per mi2). 47.7 % of the population is urban (191,841,724 people in 2019).
Why is Africa overpopulated?
One cause of overpopulation is actually positive for Africa as a whole. One of the major causes for population increase is actually increased quality of life. … However, if fertility rates do not fall while death rates continue to decrease, the population will boom and lead to overpopulation.
What is the least populated country in West Africa?
The Krio people are the smallest ethnic group in the country. There are about 3,500 non-Africans living in the country, including Europeans, according to the World Population Review. There are at least 10 languages spoken in Gambia.
What is the most popular country in West Africa?
The map of population densities (above) shows higher population densities in Nigeria than in any other West African country. Indeed, almost half of West Africans are Nigerian, and with over 172 million inhabitants, Nigeria is the most populous country in the entire African continent.
Which is the wealthiest region of Africa?
TOP 10 RICHEST AFRICAN COUNTRIES IN 2020 RANKED BY GDP & PRIMARY EXPORTS
- 1 | NIGERIA – THE RICHEST COUNTRY IN AFRICA (GDP: $446.543 Billion) …
- 2 | SOUTH AFRICA (GDP: $358.839 Billion) …
- 3 | EGYPT (GDP: $302.256 Billion) …
- 4 | ALGERIA (GDP: $172.781 Billion) …
- 5 | MOROCCO (GDP: $119,04 Billion) …
- 6 | KENYA (GDP: $99,246 Billion)
Where do most Africans live?
The most populous African country is Nigeria with over 206 million inhabitants as of 2020 and a growth rate of 2.6% p.a.
How many countries does Africa have?
How many countries are there in Africa? 48 countries share the area of mainland Africa, plus six island nations are considered to be part of the continent. All in all, there are 54 sovereign African countries and two disputed areas, namely Somaliland and Western Sahara (see the list of African countries below).
What are the problems in West Africa?
However, other forms of political violence and new threats have emerged such as election related violence, longstanding ethno-national conflict, drug trafficking, maritime piracy, and extremism. Other stresses include youth inclusion, migration, the rapid development of extractive industries, and land management.
Is West Africa dangerous?
As far as disease goes, West Africa is the most dangerous place on the planet. It is probably the one place on earth where you should go to extremes to protect yourself from mosquitoes. Do not sleep without a net and do not go without malaria medicine.
Which country is oldest in West Africa?
It is Africa’s oldest republic, but after nearly a quarter century of political strife and civil war, Liberia is also one of the continent’s neediest countries.
Why do poor countries have high birth rates?
In developing countries children are needed as a labour force and to provide care for their parents in old age. In these countries, fertility rates are higher due to the lack of access to contraceptives and generally lower levels of female education.
Why does Africa have low population density?
The low population density is attributed to the remoteness of the country with a large percentage of the country being covered by desert.
What are the effects of overpopulation in Africa?
The environment can be negatively affected. With an increase in the population there comes an increase in waste that must be disposed of. Often this waste is simply dumped on land or in the water supply. An example of this is the incredible amount of raw sewage dumped into Africa’s largest lake, Lake Victoria.