Lugard copied the numerous empires before his time who had created and developed the indirect rule system. According to Lugard, Indirect Rule was a political doctrine which held that the Europeans and Africans were culturally different to this extent, Africans had to be ruled through the Africans own institution.
What are the reason for indirect rule?
The basic aim of indirect rule was the maintenance in their position of the authorities recognized by the native population. The claim that such authorities are now obsolete and no longer form an integral part of the social and political life of the people is implicit in the demand for their elimination.
Why did the British use indirect rule in Africa?
Lack of Roads: The British could not easily reach most parts of its’ colonies because the colonies were vast with bad roads and lack of the means of communication. Hence local rulers were empowered to rule for them. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.
How did indirect rule affect Africa?
Africans had numerous internal problems, such as the use of human sacrifice and burning “witches” to death in certain regions of the continent (Reader 558), but Europeans could have assisted them and traded with them without simultaneously exploiting and dominating them. …
What are the reasons for the failure of indirect rule in Africa?
Below are the reasons why indirect rule failed in the east:
- Decentralized nature of government.
- Introduction of Warrant chiefs.
- Opposition by educated elites.
- Introduction of tax system.
- Non-participation by the educated elites.
Who is the father of indirect rule?
Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard (1858-1945), was a British imperialist and colonial administrator in Africa. He made significant contributions to the theory and practice of the British colonial policy of indirect rule. Frederick Lugard was born on Jan. 22, 1858, of missionary parents in India.
What is the difference between direct rule and indirect rule?
Direct rule is a system of governmental rule in which the central authority has power over the country. Indirect rule is a system of government in which a central authority has power over a country or area, but the local government maintains some authority.
How did Britain rule Africa?
The British had been heavily involved in the West African slave trade in the 1700s. The trade was abolished in the early 1800s and the British put a lot of effort into trying to wipe out slavery and the slave trade in all of Africa. This changed Britain’s relations with West Africa.
Which country used indirect rule?
Indirect rule was used by various colonial rulers: the French in Algeria and Tunisia, the Dutch in the East Indies, Portuguese in Angola and Mozambique and Belgians in Burundi. These dependencies were often called “protectorates” or “trucial states”.
What is direct rule in Africa?
Direct rule is when an imperial or central power takes direct control over the legislature, executive and civil administration of an otherwise largely self-governing territory.
What was the effect of indirect rule?
This choice had important consequences for state development: while direct rule implies the creation of a new and persistent admin- istrative capacity as documented by historians, indirect rule may create local despots, which can have detrimental effects on political institutions in the long-run (Acemoglu, Chaves, …
What was the impact of indirect rule?
A significant difference between assimilation and indirect rule was that the indigenous education system was better maintained under indirect rule. In India, indigenous institutions continued to exist, and upon independence, efforts were made to integrate the domi- nant and indigenous education systems.
Who practiced indirect rule with their African colonies?
The British appraoch was called indirect rule and was applied to all of Nigeria including southeastern Nigeria. The problems of colonial governance in this period are striking. Contemplate the differences in the cultural values of the European and the colonized. Consider the differences in power between the two groups.
Where was indirect rule success?
Furthermore, the Indirect Rule system succeeded in Northern Nigeria because it did not threaten, interfere with or erode the traditional authority of the emirs. Instead, it boosted their prestige and made them become more influential.
Who was the architect of indirect rule?
Traditional chiefs figured prominently in the system of indirect rule adopted by British authorities to administer their colonies in Africa. According to Frederick Lugard, architect of the policy, indirect rule was cost effective because it reduced the number of European officials in the field.
Why did the British adopt the indirect rule system in Nigeria?
Indirect Rule in Northern Nigeria
One of the reasons for the adoption of indirect rule was for the purpose of local government, along traditional lines. … The system was a huge success in the Northern Nigeria mainly because of the highly developed traditional system of administration of the area.