Maize (Zea mays L.) is the most important grain crop in South Africa and is produced throughout the country under diverse environments. Successful maize production depends on the correct application of production inputs that will sustain the environment as well as agricultural production.
Why is maize valuable to South Africa?
Maize is the most important grain crop in South Africa, being both the major feed grain and the staple food for the majority of the South African population. … This is because maize also serves as a raw material for manufactured products such as paper, paint, textiles, medicine and food.
What is the importance of maize?
Maize or corn (Zea mays L.) is an important cereal crop of the world. It is a source of nutrition as well as phytochemical compounds. Phytochemicals play an important role in preventing chronic diseases. It contains various major phytochemicals such as carotenoids, phenolic compounds, and phytosterols.
How does maize farming contribute to the economy of South Africa?
Maize has been the most important field crop in the RSA throughout the past three decades. On average it has yielded over 15 per cent of the gross value of all agricultural products and covered about 40 per cent of the cultivated area.
Where is maize grown in South Africa?
South Africa is currently the main maize producer on the African continent with most production concentrated in the North West province, the Free State, the Mpumalanga Highveld and the KwaZulu-Natal Midlands.
How much is a ton of maize in South Africa?
For 2018/2019, maize prices have been trading between import and export parity with an average of R2 300/ton, however closer to export parity.
Does South Africa export maize?
Despite the shortage seen in the past two seasons, South Africa managed to export maize mainly to its neighbouring countries, exporting more than 1 million tons in the 2016/2017 season. During a good season, South Africa can better compete at deep sea level.
What are the benefits of maize crop?
As well as providing good financial returns, maize offers a number of other benefits including:
- Improved soil organic matter levels. …
- Reduction in weed pressure. …
- Reduced insect, disease and nematode pressure. …
- Increased nutrient availability. …
- Maize silage. …
- Maize grain.
Why is maize diversity so important?
Maize diversity exceeds that found in any other species, and is used and preserved by smallholder traditional maize farmers. … Hybrid maize varieties that seek to enhance yield, build pest and pathogen resistance, and adapt to drought are also reliant on maize diversity.
Why Maize is called miracle crop?
Maize is one of the most important cereal crops in the world agricultural economy both as food for man and feed for animals. It is a miracle crop. It has very high yield potential, there is no cereal on the earth which has so immense potentiality and that is why it is called queen of cereals.
How many bags of maize can 1 acre produce?
How many bags of maize should a farmer expect to harvest per acre after planting PAN variety of maize seed? The answer is 30 bags/acre if you use zai pits (according to an article by John Njue Njiru on http://johnnjue.blogspot.com/2012/05/…)
What are the factors that influence production of maize in South Africa?
The three main factors are the exchange rate, supply and demand fundamentals and trade. Using the 2017/2018 marketing season as the form of measure, we can see that price movements were mainly reacting to these three factors.
Does small scale farming contribute to the economy of SA?
Agriculture’s percentage share in South Africa’s economy is relatively small and is constantly dropping as the latter expands and diversifies. Agriculture’s most important contribution is obviously that of providing employment. Each sector is differently affected by changes in agricultural production and prices.
When should I plant maize in South Africa?
South Africa’s planting season for maize, the country’s staple crop, runs from late October to mid-December. By the public holiday on December 16, all the seed should be in the ground.
What is maize called in South Africa?
In Southern Africa, maize is commonly called mielie (Afrikaans) or mealie (English), words derived from the Portuguese word for maize, milho.
Does maize need a lot of water?
A fully grown maize crop will need more water than a maize crop which has just been planted. As has been discussed before, the crop water need or crop evapotranspiration consists of transpiration by the plant and evaporation from the soil and plant surface.