The French language was brought to the African continent through colonialism. During the 1950s and 60s, France and Belgium lost control of their African colonies, however, French is still spoken in at least 29 African countries. … There is so much to learn about this magnificent continent!
Why do African countries speak French?
More than 20 of the countries in Africa speak French, largely due to France’s vast colonization on the continent. These include countries such as Algeria, Chad, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Madagascar, Morocco, Rwanda, Cameroon, Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast), Gabon, Guinea, Mali, Niger, Senegal and Tunisia.
Do West Africans speak French?
the French spoken by people in West and Central Africa – spoken altogether by about 97 million people in 2018, as either a first or second language. the French variety spoken by Maghrebis and Berbers in Northwest Africa (see Maghreb French), which has about 33 million first and second language speakers in 2018.
Why did the French colonize West Africa?
The main goal of colonizing West Africa was that they wanted to turn West African countries into a “French-state”. This means changing their way of living, making the official language French, making them convert into a new religion like Christianity. The French colonization changed the African culture.
When did Africa start speaking French?
As a result of French and Belgian colonialism from the 16th century onward, French was introduced to new territories in the Americas, Africa and Asia. Most second-language speakers reside in Francophone Africa, in particular Gabon, Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Mauritius, Senegal and Ivory Coast.
Which country has the most French speakers?
Unsurprisingly, France boasts the highest number of native French speakers, although its not the most populous country to have French as an official language: The Democratic Republic of Congo has a population of 77 million, compared to 62 million in France.
What country in Africa speaks French?
Like many African nations, Mali is a multilingual country. The official language is French, Bambara is the lingua franca, the national language, and the most widely spoken language. English and French are de facto official languages.
How much of Africa speaks French?
The number of people speaking French has shown a steady increase: up nearly 9.6% since 2014. Measuring from 2010 to today, 22.7 million more people speak French: 68% of these are sub-Saharan Africa, while 22% live in North Africa.
How many countries does Africa have?
How many countries are there in Africa? 48 countries share the area of mainland Africa, plus six island nations are considered to be part of the continent. All in all, there are 54 sovereign African countries and two disputed areas, namely Somaliland and Western Sahara (see the list of African countries below).
Is French a dying language?
It’s not that French is dead or even dying on the global stage. French is still one of the official languages of the UN, Nato, the International Olympic Committee and Eurovision. But the days of its global pomp, when it was the language of international diplomacy and spoken by much of the global elite, are long gone.
Who colonized Africa first?
North Africa experienced colonisation from Europe and Western Asia in the early historical period, particularly Greeks and Phoenicians. Under Egypt’s Pharaoh Amasis (570–526 BC) a Greek mercantile colony was established at Naucratis, some 50 miles from the later Alexandria.
When did French West Africa break up?
French West Africa, French Afrique Occidentale Française (AOF), administrative grouping under French rule from 1895 until 1958 of the former French territories of West Africa: Senegal, French Guinea, the Ivory Coast, and the French Sudan, to which Dahomey was added in 1899.
What were the negative effects of colonialism in Africa?
Some of the negative impacts that are associated with colonization include; degradation of natural resources, capitalist, urbanization, introduction of foreign diseases to livestock and humans. Change of the social systems of living. Nevertheless, colonialism too impacted positively on the economies and social systems.
Which language is closest to French?
Arpitan (also known as Franco-Provençal) and Occitan (sometimes called Provençal) are the two geographically closest languages to French. In many ways, Occitan looks like a cross between French and Spanish.
Is French still relevant?
Because it’s the most useful language to have nowadays by far. Nonetheless, French is still a favourite as a second language with roughly 153 million L2 speakers , despite the fact that it’s not even one of the most spoken languages in the world. … The rich, the nobles in Europe would speak French, not the commoners.
Is French useful in Africa?
French is official language in most West African countries and it is spoken at national and functions as well as in the media. Each country may have its own way of pronouncing of some french words but on the whole French serve as a unifying factor among all these Francophone countries.