According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the vulnerability of Africa to climate change is driven by a range of factors that include weak adaptive capacity, high dependence on ecosystem goods for livelihoods, and less developed agricultural production systems.
How has global warming affected Africa?
The main longer-term impacts of climate change in Africa include changing rainfall patterns affecting agriculture and reducing food security; worsen- ing water security; decreasing fish resources in large lakes due to rising temperatures and overfishing; rising sea levels affecting low-lying coastal areas with large …
Why is Africa more vulnerable to drought than developed countries?
Developing countries are particularly vulnerable to drought because of their geography and strong dependence on subsistence agriculture. … The effects of drought differ with each drought and among crops, water resources, forests, different economies and other entities.
Which African countries are most vulnerable to climate change?
Seven of the 10 countries that are most vulnerable to climate change are in Africa. In 2015, four African countries ranked among the 10 countries most affected: Mozambique (1st), Malawi (3rd), Ghana and Madagascar (joint 8th position).
Why is sub-Saharan Africa vulnerable to climate change?
Particularly vulnerable to these climatic changes are the rainfed agricultural systems on which the livelihoods of a large proportion of the region’s population currently depend. … Africa has been identified as one of the parts of the world most vulnerable to the impacts of climate change (IPCC 2014; Niang et al.
What causes global warming?
Q: What causes global warming? A: Global warming occurs when carbon dioxide (CO2) and other air pollutants collect in the atmosphere and absorb sunlight and solar radiation that have bounced off the earth’s surface.
What can be done in Africa to counter global warming?
Solutions to global warming in Africa include effective land use planning to avoid forest degradation, developing renewable energy, and limiting the expansion of coal-fired power plants.
Where is the risk of drought in Africa?
Based on exposure measured as a function of the density of agricultural production per square kilometer, the risks associated with drought are greatest in southwestern Ethiopia and western Kenya.
Why do developing countries struggle with drought?
The causes of droughts are essentially natural, but climate change increases the drought severity, frequency, duration, and spatial extent. The impacts of droughts are also strongly exacerbated by anthropological activities, such as deforestation, overgrazing, soil degradation, and water mismanagement.
Which countries have drought problems?
Afghanistan, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka have reported droughts at least once in every three year period in the past five decades, while Bangladesh and Nepal also suffer from drought frequently.
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types.
What countries are most affected by climate change?
The Arctic, Africa, small islands and Asian megadeltas are regions that are likely to be especially affected by future climate change. Africa is one of the most vulnerable continents to climate variability and change because of multiple existing stresses and low adaptive capacity.
Are droughts increasing in Africa?
Drought area in East Africa is likely to increase at the end of the 21st century by 16%, 36%, and 54% under RCP 2.6, 4.5, and 8.5, respectively, with the areas affected by extreme drought increasing more rapidly than severe and moderate droughts.
What climate is the largest in Africa?
The Sahara is the world’s largest desert with the deepest layer of intense heating anywhere on Earth.
Why is Africa so hot?
Africa mainly lies within the intertropical zone between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. … Because of this geographical situation, Africa is a hot continent as the solar radiation intensity is always high.