Africa, a continent endowed with immense natural and human resources as well as great cultural, ecological and economic diversity, remains underdeveloped. Most African nations suffer from military dictatorships, corruption, civil unrest and war, underdevelopment and deep poverty.
Why has Africa not developed?
Africa was technologically behind the rest of the world because of the Sahara desert. Critical technology needed to develop other technologies, like writing systems and the wheel for instance, failed to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the Mesopotamian Civilizations.
What are the development problems in Africa?
These endemic problems range from abject poverty, violence, underutilise agriculture, infrastructure, lack of access to credit facilities, social fractionalisation, poor health facilities, poor education to catastrophic civil unrest; which are linked to illiteracy, lack of proper institution and exploitation by corrupt …
What are the major problems in Africa?
Today, Africa remains the poorest and least-developed continent in the world. Hunger, poverty, terrorism, local ethnic and religious conflicts, corruption and bribery, disease outbreaks – this was Africa’s story until the early 2000s.
What are the main factors affecting development in Africa?
Our results suggest that domestic investment, net ODA inflows, education, government effectiveness, urban population, and metal prices positively and significantly affect Africa’s economic growth.
Will Africa ever be rich?
Africa is a resource-rich continent. Recent growth has been due to growth in sales in commodities, services, and manufacturing. West Africa, East Africa, Central Africa and Southern Africa in particular, are expected to reach a combined GDP of $29 trillion by 2050.
Can Africa ever become developed?
Africa is currently the world’s fastest growing continent, with GDP expected to grow by at least six per cent annually until 2023. But while nations such as Nigeria, South Africa and Egypt enjoy relative wealth, the continent is home to three quarters of the world’s poorest countries.
What is the main cause of poverty in Africa?
Poverty in Africa is caused by corruption and poor governance, poor land utilisation and land tenure system, civil wars and unending political conflicts, poor infrastructure, diseases and poor health facilities, the World Bank and IMF policies, among others.
What is the biggest industry in Africa?
Agriculture is Africa’s largest economic sector, representing 15 percent of the continent’s total GDP, or more than $100 billion annually. It is highly concentrated, with Egypt and Nigeria alone accounting for one-third of total agricultural output and the top ten countries generating 75 percent.
What is the main economic activity in Africa?
Climatic factors greatly influence Africa’s agriculture, which is considered the continent’s single most important economic activity. Agriculture employs two-thirds of the continent’s working population and contributes 20 to 60 percent of every country’s gross domestic product (GDP).
What are 3 major problems in Africa?
According to the citizens in the 44 countries surveyed in World Happiness Report 2017 these are the major problems facing the continent.
- Poor Governance. …
- Corruption. …
- Unemployment. …
- Population growth. …
- Insecurity. …
- Droughts and Famine.
Why does Africa have so many wars?
Africa has a high prevalence of civil wars and this is commonly attributed to the ethnic diversity of its countries. This inference seems self-evident to many, given that African rebel movements almost always are ethnically defined. Ethnic identities and hatred are thus seen as the cause of violent conflict.
Why is Africa referred to as the Dark Continent?
Africa was known as the “Dark Continent” because it remained unexplored for a fairly long period of time. Factors that made is difficult for the explorer to venture in to the continent of africa were: The largest desert in the world, the Sahara Desert acted as a natural barrier for the European explorers.
What are five factors that affect your development?
Here are a few factors affecting children’s growth and development.
- Heredity. Heredity is the transmission of physical characteristics from parents to children through their genes. …
- Environment. …
- Sex. …
- Exercise and Health. …
- Hormones. …
- Nutrition. …
- Familial Influence. …
- Geographical Influences.
What are the factors that contribute to national development?
Factors that Influence the Economic Development of a Country
- 1) Capital Formation:
- 2) Natural Resources:
- 3) Marketable Surplus of Agriculture:
- 4) Conditions in Foreign Trade:
- 5) Economic System:
- 1) Human Resources:
- 2) Technical Know-How and General Education:
- 3) Political Freedom:
What are the factors that promote development?
Economists generally agree that economic development and growth are influenced by four factors: human resources, physical capital, natural resources and technology.