By 1200 c.e. improved agricultural technology had spread throughout much of sub-saharan africa primarily through the (a) development of oxen immune to diseases carried by the tsetse fly (b) discovery of gold that provided a means of exchange among groups (c) expansion of the sahara desert, which forced berber peoples …
How did agriculture develop in Africa?
From 3000 BCE to 1000 BCE, the practice of farming spread across West Africa. They grew millet and sorghum (plants used for grain and fodder), and later began growing a special strain of rice native to Africa. … These migrants were the Bantu people, who spread farming across the rest of the continent.
How did agriculture develop and spread in Africa?
The first efforts to domesticate plants in West Africa started slowly. Eventually, West Africans began to settle and grow their food full-time. From 3000 BCE to 1000 BCE, the practice of farming spread across West Africa. These early farmers grew millet and sorghum.
Who helped spread farming and ironworking techniques in Africa?
Nonetheless, Bantu migrants aided this process of spreading iron working knowledge, farming techniques and their language to central, southern and eastern Africa, where iron ore, timber or charcoal, and water sources were available.
How did improved agricultural technology spread throughout Sub Saharan Africa?
How did improved agricultural technology spread throughout much of Sub Saharan Africa? Sub-Saharan African technology spread through Bantu migrations. … What caused increased agricultural outputs in China between 600-1200 CE? A system called equal-field.
Is Africa good for farming?
Agriculture is by far the single most important economic activity in Africa. It provides employment for about two-thirds of the continent’s working population and for each country contributes an average of 30 to 60 percent of gross domestic product and about 30 percent of the value of exports.
What are three main types of farming found in Africa?
- Maize Mixed Farming System.
- Irrigated Farming System.
- Rice Tree Crop Farming System.
Why was the agricultural revolution so important for the development of Central Africa?
The first features of the new way of life in northern Central Africa were vegeculture and agriculture. … Vegeculture enabled people to collect wild plants on a more systematic basis and to protect the regions where wild tubers grew most plentifully.
What type of agriculture is practiced in Africa?
There are two main types of farming in Africa: garden crops, grown primarily from the roots or shoots of plants that have been placed in the ground, and field crops, grown mainly from seeds. Africans also raise various animals as livestock.
Why is there no farming in Africa?
Despite several attempts, the green revolution’s mix of fertilizers, irrigation, and high-yield seeds—which more than doubled global grain production between 1960 and 2000—never blossomed in Africa, thanks to the poor infrastructure, limited markets, weak governance, and fratricidal civil wars that wracked the …
How did iron working spread in Africa?
Although some nineteenth-century European scholars favored an indigenous invention of iron working in sub-Saharan Africa, archaeologists writing between 1945 and 1965 mostly favored diffusion of iron smelting technology from Carthage across the Sahara to West Africa and/or from Meroe on the upper Nile to central Africa …
What skills did the Bantu spread through Africa?
Bantu-speakers in West Africa moved into new areas in very small groups, usually just families. But they brought with them the Bantu technology and language package—iron, crops, cattle, pottery, and more. These pioneers then shared their more advanced technologies (and, in the process, their languages) with the locals.
Where did Iron Works begin in Africa?
Iron smelting and forging technologies may have existed in West Africa among the Nok culture of Nigeria as early as the sixth century B.C. In the period from 1400 to 1600, iron technology appears to have been one of a series of fundamental social assets that facilitated the growth of significant centralized kingdoms in …
How did trade affect Nubia and North Africa?
How did trade affect Nubia and North Africa? Trade brought contact with other regions, people, and ideas, but also a rivalry with Egypt and conflict over the control of each region’s natural resources. … Nubians adopted many Egyptian traditions when they were under Egypt’s control.
What new technology did Bantu migrations spread across central and southern Africa?
the spread of the Bantu and Bantu-related languages. the spread of iron-smelting and smithing technology.
Why did diverse cultures develop in Africa?
Why did diverse cultures develop in Africa? Because of trade, different beliefs and other advances in every civilization.