Henry Morton Stanley, in full Sir Henry Morton Stanley, original name John Rowlands, Congolese byname Bula Matari (“Breaker of Rocks”), (born January 28, 1841, Denbigh, Denbighshire, Wales—died May 10, 1904, London, England), British American explorer of central Africa, famous for his rescue of the Scottish missionary …
Who was the greatest missionary explorer to Africa?
David Livingstone (/ˈlɪvɪŋstən/; 19 March 1813 – 1 May 1873) was a Scottish physician, Congregationalist, and pioneer Christian missionary with the London Missionary Society, an explorer in Africa, and one of the most popular British heroes of the late 19th-century Victorian era.
Why did Henry Morton visit Africa?
In 1874, the New York Herald and the Daily Telegraph financed Stanley on another expedition to Africa. His ambitious objective was to complete the exploration and mapping of the Central African Great Lakes and rivers, in the process circumnavigating Lakes Victoria and Tanganyika and locating the source of the Nile.
When did Henry Morton Stanley explore Africa?
In November 1871, journalist Henry Morton Stanley located the missing missionary David Livingstone in the wilds of Africa. Yet the famous meeting was only the beginning of Stanley’s tumultuous career as an explorer.
What did Henry Stanley discover?
Stanley decided to continue Livingstone’s research on the Congo and Nile river systems and started his second African expedition in 1874. He journeyed into central Africa circumnavigating Victoria Nyanza, proving it to be the second-largest freshwater lake in the world, and discovered the Shimeeyu River.
Where is Livingstone’s heart buried?
David Livingstone died from dysentery and malaria on 1 May 1873, at the age of 60, in Chief Chitambo’s Village in North Rhodesia (now Zambia). His heart is buried in Africa, under a Mvula tree (now the site of the Livingstone Memorial), but his remains are buried at Westminster Abbey.
What did Africans do with David Livingstone’s body?
In order to embalm Livingstone’s body, they removed his heart and viscera and buried them in African soil. In a difficult journey of nine months, they carried his body to the coast. It was taken to England and, in a great Victorian funeral, was buried in Westminster Abbey on April 18, 1874.
How and why did Stanley get involved in Africa?
Failing to gain British support for his plans to develop the Congo region, Stanley found more success with King Leopold II of Belgium, who was eager to tap Africa’s wealth. In 1879, with Leopold’s support, Stanley returned to Africa where he worked to open the lower Congo to commerce by the construction of roads.
Did Stanley really say Dr Livingstone I presume?
Morton Stanley, a reporter for the New York Herald, was sent to locate Livingstone and found him in at the city of Ujiji on Lake Tanganyika in 1871. It was at this meeting that Stanley uttered his famous declaration, “Dr Livingstone, I presume”.
Which explorers traveled to Africa?
Great Explorers: Africa
- Richard Francis Burton. One of Britain’s most iconic and individualistic explorers, Richard Francis Burton was a true polymath. …
- John Hanning Speke. …
- David Livingstone. …
- Henry Morton Stanley. …
- Heinrich Barth. …
- Frederick Russell Burnham. …
- Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza. …
- Mungo Park.
Who assigned Stanley to find Livingstone in Africa?
Nonetheless, he had come a long way in the year and a half since Bennett had called the reporter to Paris and ordered him to Africa. Stanley had come far, period. His real name was John Rowlands, and he had been born in Denbigh, Wales, his father the town drunk and his 19-year-old mother a local prostitute.
What are two reasons that it was difficult to cross the continent of Africa?
“We are breaking through the barriers that made it difficult in the past – lack of information, poor flight connections, and incorrect perceptions of other African countries.” There is widespread support for scrapping the visa requirements for Africans travelling within the continent.
Who said Dr Watson I presume?
Livingstone, I presume may refer to: Dr. Livingstone, I presume?, a famous greeting of Henry Morton Stanley upon locating David Livingstone in Africa.
Why were hands cut off in the Congo?
Disease, famine and violence combined to reduce the birth-rate while excess deaths rose. The severing of workers’ hands achieved particular international notoriety. These were sometimes cut off by Force Publique soldiers who were made to account for every shot they fired by bringing back the hands of their victims.
What did Dr Livingstone discover?
This filled huge gaps in western knowledge of central and southern Africa. In 1855, Livingstone discovered a spectacular waterfall which he named ‘Victoria Falls’. He reached the mouth of the Zambezi on the Indian Ocean in May 1856, becoming the first European to cross the width of southern Africa.
What impact did David Livingstone have on Stanley?
As for Stanley, he returned to Africa to fulfill a promise he had made to Livingstone to find the source of the Nile. He later damaged his reputation by accepting money from King Leopold II of Belgium to help create the Belgian-ruled Congo Free State and promote the slave trade.