In Africa. The ideological underpinnings, as well as the practical application, of indirect rule in Uganda and Nigeria is usually traced to the work of Frederick Lugard, the High Commissioner of the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria from 1899 to 1906.
Who introduced the indirect rule?
It is a system of administration used by the British colonial government to govern the people through the use of traditional rulers and traditional political institutions. The indirect rule system was introduced into to Nigeria by L.
Who is the father of indirect rule?
Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard (1858-1945), was a British imperialist and colonial administrator in Africa. He made significant contributions to the theory and practice of the British colonial policy of indirect rule. Frederick Lugard was born on Jan. 22, 1858, of missionary parents in India.
Who introduced indirect rule in West Africa?
The British policy of indirect rule was most clearly formulated by Frederick J.D. Lugard in Nigeria. In the early 1900s, long after Britain annexed Lagos as a crown colony (1861), Lugard conquered the north.
Who introduced indirect rule in Kenya?
This was a policy advanced by Fredrick Lugard, the British High Commissioner in the protectorate of Northern Nigeria from 1900 to 1906.
How did Britain use indirect rule in Africa?
British policy in Western Africa
system subsequently institutionalized as “indirect rule.” Essentially, local government was to be left in the hands of the traditional chiefs, subject to the guidance of European officers.
Why did British adopt indirect rule?
Lack of Roads: The British could not easily reach most parts of its’ colonies because the colonies were vast with bad roads and lack of the means of communication. Hence local rulers were empowered to rule for them. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.
What led to indirect rule?
Indirect Rule in Northern Nigeria
One of the reasons for the adoption of indirect rule was for the purpose of local government, along traditional lines. The system rested upon native courts and native authority ordinances.
Where was indirect rule successful?
Furthermore, the Indirect Rule system succeeded in Northern Nigeria because it did not threaten, interfere with or erode the traditional authority of the emirs. Instead, it boosted their prestige and made them become more influential.
What is direct and indirect rule?
Indirect rule was a system of governance used by the British and French to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in Africa and Asia, through pre-existing indigenous power structures. … These dependencies were often called “protectorates” or “trucial states”.
What is indirect rule in Africa?
In Africa. … According to Lugard, Indirect Rule was a political doctrine which held that the Europeans and Africans were culturally different to this extent, Africans had to be ruled through the Africans own institution.
What areas of Africa did Britain control?
From 1880-1900 Britain gained control over or occupied what are now known as Egypt, Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, South Africa, Gambia, Sierra Leone, northwestern Somalia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Botswana, Nigeria, Ghana, and Malawi. That meant that the British ruled 30% of Africa’s people at one time.
Who colonized West Africa?
France started colonizing West Africa early and most of those countries only became independent in the 20th century. The main goal of colonizing West Africa was that they wanted to turn West African countries into a “French-state”.
How did Britain rule Kenya?
The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. … It was ruled as a de facto one-party state by the Kenya African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta during 1963 to 1978. Kenyatta was succeeded by Daniel arap Moi, who ruled until 2002.
What is an example of indirect control?
An example of indirect control is a registered owner who holds shares on behalf of the true owner. The registered owner is the agent and the true owner is the principal. By operation of law, the agent must follow the directions of the principal. So, it can be said that the principal controls the agent.
Which African country can defend itself?
This was not the first African victory over Western colonizers, but it was the first time such a military put a definitive stop to a colonizing nation’s efforts. According to one historian, “In an age of relentless European expansion, Ethiopia alone had successfully defended its independence.”