South African rule. In 1915, during the South West Africa Campaign of World War I, South Africa captured the German colony. After the war, it was declared a League of Nations Class C Mandate territory under the Treaty of Versailles, with the Union of South Africa responsible for the administration of South West Africa.
Who colonized South West Africa?
Background. The areas of German South West Africa (now Namibia) were formally colonized by Germany between 1884–90.
When Germany took over South West Africa?
The conquest of Southwest Africa, carried out by a South African Defense Force of nearly 50,000 men, was completed in only six months, culminating in the German surrender on July 9, 1915. Sixteen days later, South Africa annexed the territory.
When did South Africa annex South West Africa?
South West Africa campaign
|Date||15 September 1914 – 9 July 1915|
|Location||South Africa, Namibia|
|Territorial changes||South West Africa annexed to the Union of South Africa|
Why did Germany colonize South West Africa?
Germany chose to take over South Africa because they were following in the lead of of France and Great Britain who also had empires in Africa. Germany was particularly interested in the economic possibilities that South Africa had to offer in diamond and copper farming.
Did Germany invade South Africa?
The South African invasion of German South West Africa (GSWA) in September 1914 was specifically aimed at securing several strategic British war objectives. The invasion was the first time that the Union Defence Force (UDF) was deployed operationally in the event of war.
How did Germany get South West Africa?
In 1885 the Chancellor of the German Empire, Bismarck, held a convention in Berlin where European powers divided Africa among themselves. This was called the “Scramble for Africa”. In 1886 the border between Angola and what would become German South West Africa was negotiated between the German and Portuguese nations.
What happened in German South West Africa?
German rule over this territory was punctuated by numerous rebellions by its native African peoples, which culminated in a campaign of German reprisals from 1904 to 1908 known as the Herero and Namaqua genocide.
German South West Africa.
|German South West Africa Deutsch-Südwestafrika|
|Today part of||Namibia|
Why did South Africa invade Namibia?
The annexation was an attempt to forestall German ambitions in the area, and it also guaranteed control of the good deepwater harbour on the way to the Cape Colony and other British colonies on Africa’s east coast.
Why did Namibia split from South Africa?
In August 1966, the South African Border War began between the South West Africa People’s Organization (SWAPO) and the South African Defence Force. … In 1993, South Africa ceded Walvis Bay to Namibia: this small enclave was never part of German West Africa and so had not been part of the mandate territory.
Did Germany invade Africa during ww1?
German invasion of Angola, 1914–1915
The campaign in southern Portuguese West Africa (modern-day Angola) took place from October 1914 – July 1915. … The Germans lost 12 soldiers killed and 30 wounded.
Is South Africa German?
A significant number of South Africans are descended from Germans. Most of these originally settled in the Cape Colony, but were absorbed into the Afrikaner and Afrikaans population, because they had religious & ethnic similarities to the Dutch and French.
What was South West Africa called before?
South West Africa became known as Namibia by the UN when the General Assembly changed the territory’s name by Resolution 2372 (XXII) of 12 June 1968.
Why did Germany go to Africa?
In January 1941, Adolf Hitler established the Afrika Korps for the explicit purpose of helping his Italian Axis partner maintain territorial gains in North Africa. “[F]or strategic, political, and psychological reasons, Germany must assist Italy in Africa,” the Fuhrer declared.
What parts of Africa did Germany colonize?
The German Colonial Empire encompassed parts of several African countries, including parts of present-day Burundi, Rwanda, Tanzania, Namibia, Cameroon, Gabon, Congo, Central African Republic, Chad, Nigeria, Togo, Ghana, New Guinea, and numerous other West Pacific / Micronesian islands.
Do any countries in Africa speak German?
Namibia is a multilingual country wherein German is recognised as a national language (a form of minority language).