Who explored West Africa?
Portuguese explorer Prince Henry, known as the Navigator, was the first European to methodically explore Africa and the oceanic route to the Indies. From his residence in the Algarve region of southern Portugal, he directed successive expeditions to circumnavigate Africa and reach India.
Who was the famous British explorer in West Africa?
David Livingstone, (born March 19, 1813, Blantyre, Lanarkshire, Scotland—died May 1, 1873, Chitambo [now in Zambia]), Scottish missionary and explorer who exercised a formative influence on Western attitudes toward Africa.
Who was Africa’s most famous explorer?
David Livingstone. In the late 19th century, Europeans and Americans were fascinated by the continent of Africa. Few did more to increase Africa’s fame than Livingstone, one of the United Kingdom’s most famous explorers.
Who first explored the West?
The first and best known great expedition to explore the West was conducted by Meriwether Lewis, William Clark, and the Army Corps of Discovery from 1804 to 1806. Lewis and Clark embarked from St. Louis, Missouri, traveled to the Pacific Coast and made the return journey.
Who named Africa?
Some believe that the word “Africa” came from the Romans, who named the land they discovered on the opposite side of the Mediterranean after a Berber tribe living in the Carthage area (now modern-day Tunisia). Different sources give different versions of the tribe’s name, but the most popular is Afri.
Why is Africa so special?
Africa is the world’s hottest continent with deserts and drylands covering 60% of land surface area (e.g. Kalahari, Sahara and Namib). Africa is the world’s second driest continent (after Australia). Africa has approximately 30% of the earth’s remaining mineral resources.
Who was the greatest explorer in history?
- Marco Polo (1254-1324):
- Vasco Da Gama (1460-1524):
- Christopher Columbus (1451-1506):
- Amerigo Vespucci (1454-1512):
- James Cook (1728-1779):
- Jeanne Baret (1740-1807):
- Charles Darwin (1809-1882):
- Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521):
Who are the most famous explorers in history?
10 Famous Explorers Whose Discoveries Changed the World
- Marco Polo. Photo: Leemage/UIG via Getty Images.
- Christopher Columbus. Photo: DeAgostini/Getty Images.
- Amerigo Vespucci. Photo: Austrian National Library.
- John Cabot. Photo by © CORBIS/Corbis via Getty Images.
- Hernan Cortes. Photo: Fine Art Images/Heritage Images/Getty Images.
- Francis Drake. …
- Walter Raleigh. …
- James Cook.
Who first colonized Africa?
By 1900 much of Africa had been colonized by seven European powers—Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Spain, Portugal, and Italy. After the conquest of African decentralized and centralized states, the European powers set about establishing colonial state systems.
Why Africa has no history?
According to this imperial historiography, Africa had no history and therefore the Africans were a people without history. They propagated the image of Africa as a ‘dark continent’. … It was argued at the time that Africa had no history because history begins with writing and thus with the arrival of the Europeans.
What was the name of Africa before it was called Africa?
What was Africa called before Africa? The Kemetic or Alkebulan history of Afrika suggests that the ancient name of the continent was Alkebulan. The word Alkebu-Ian is the oldest and the only word of indigenous origin. Alkebulan meaning the garden of Eden or the mother of mankind.
What is the oldest civilization in Africa?
Africa’s first great civilization emerged in ancient Egypt in c. 3400 BC. Carthage was founded by Phoenicians in the 9th century BC. Ancient civilization, based around the River Nile in Egypt, which emerged 5,000 years ago and reached its peak in the 16th century BC.
|UC Merced Library||–|
|GIS Lab (SpARC – SSM 209)||–|
Who first landed in America?
Five hundred years before Columbus, a daring band of Vikings led by Leif Eriksson set foot in North America and established a settlement. And long before that, some scholars say, the Americas seem to have been visited by seafaring travelers from China, and possibly by visitors from Africa and even Ice Age Europe.
Who settled the West Coast?
In 1542, Cabrillo became the first European to explore the west coast of today’s United States, leading the expedition that landed at San Diego Bay, and continued north along the coast up to Punta del Año Nuevo, 37° 10′ north of Monterrey.
Who explored West America?
Meriwether Lewis (1774-1809) and William Clark (1770-1838) set out in May 1804 to explore and map the American West. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned the expedition to explore the newly-bought Louisiana Territory.