Forts & Castles of Ghana. Ghana has the greatest concentration of colonial-era forts of any country in Africa. The most visited destinations are the colonial fortresses at Cape Coast and Elmina, which were once major transshipment points for tens of thousands of slaves on their way to the New World.
How many forts and castles are in Ghana?
There are 28 separate properties on the list, including three castles; fifteen forts; four forts partially in ruins; four ruins with visible structures; and two sites with traces of former fortifications. The UNESCO has documented 32 forts and castles along Ghana’s coast as World Heritage Sites.
Why castles were built along the coast of Ghana?
Perhaps Ghana’s most famous castle, Cape Coast, was originally built by the Swedes for trade in timber and gold before being used in the transatlantic slave trade. This is where the Africans passed through the ‘gate of no return’ before being sent to the Caribbean or the Americas.
What is the oldest castle in Ghana?
Elmina Castle is the oldest and largest in Ghana, West Africa. Along the West and East Coast of Ghana, there are a line up of Forts and Castles.
Are there any castles in Africa?
The most medieval of all of Africa’s castles, Fasil Ghebbi in Gondar, Ethiopia was a prophecy fulfilled. … Fasilidas was a lover of architecture and his castle, which incorporates Ethiopian Orthodox temples, libraries, gardens, and 12 gated towers, was the first two-story structure in Ethiopia.
How many types of forts are there?
There are three varieties: prantara-durga, giri-parshva-durga and guha-durga.
Which European country built the Fort James?
Fort James is located in Accra, Ghana. It was built by the Royal African Company of England as a trading post for both gold and slaves in 1673, where it joined the Dutch Fort Crêvecœur (1649), and the Danish Fort Christiansborg (1652).
Fort James, Ghana.
How long did slavery last in Ghana?
Ghana: Commemorating 400 years of slavery.
What is the difference between a fort and a castle?
A Castle is a fortified bulding. It is a strucuture or a set of structures connected together. And a Fort is an area. Inside the area is a series of buildings and surrounding the area is some kind of fortified wall.
Which country built the Elmina Castle?
Elmina Castle was erected by the Portuguese in 1482 as Castelo de São Jorge da Mina (St. George of the Mine Castle), also known as Castelo da Mina or simply Mina (or Feitoria da Mina), in present-day Elmina, Ghana (formerly the Gold Coast).
How old is Elmina Castle now?
How many slaves passed through Elmina Castle?
Elmina Castle saw several owners during the course of the slave trade, including the Portuguese, Dutch, and English. By the 18th century, 30,000 slaves on their way to the Americas passed through Elmina each year.
Which year did the Portuguese came to Ghana?
The most momentous discovery in western Africa, however, came in 1471, when Portuguese captains first reached the coast of modern Ghana between the mouths of the Ankobra and Volta rivers.
Is there any castle in Nigeria?
Kajuru Castle is a luxury villa, built between the years 1981 and 1989, at Kajuru (Ajure) village in southern Kaduna State, Nigeria. It was built by a German expatriate in Nigeria, living in Kaduna at the time. The castle is located at about 45 km from Kaduna on a mountaintop in Kajuru (Ajure) village, Kaduna State.