North Africa is separated from Subsaharan Africa by the African Transition Zone, a transitional area between Islamic-dominated North Africa and animist- and Christian-dominated Subsaharan Africa. It is also a transition between the Sahara Desert and the tropical type A climates of Africa’s equatorial region.
Where is the transition zone in Africa?
Stretching across the widest part of Africa on the southern edge of the Sahara Desert is the African Transition Zone. Known as the Sahel, meaning “border or margin,” this zone is where the dry arid conditions of the desert north meet up with the moister region of the tropics.
What countries are in the African transition zone?
Countries in the Region include: Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, and Eritrea.
What is the main problem for the African transition zone?
soil erosion is a problem in the African transition zone due to over grazing, bad farming techniques, and the dense population. soil erosion may not seem like an actual problem, but the truth is it effects everyone in the long run.
Why is the African transition zone a place of such widespread conflict?
The African Transition Zone divides North Africa from the rest of Africa because of climatic and cultural dynamics. Cultural conflicts and desertification are frequent in the zone. Dry, arid type B climates, common in the Sahara Desert, are dominant north of the zone. Tropical type A climates prevail south of the zone.
How big is the African transition zone?
The environment of the African Transition Zone is known as the Sahel, a semi-arid region of grasslands created by the collision of the Sahara Desert and central African rain forests. The African Transition Zone stretches over a million square miles, and is over 3500 miles in length.
What is the big lake located in the African transition zone?
Lake Chad, French Lac Tchad, freshwater lake located in the Sahelian zone of west-central Africa at the conjunction of Chad, Cameroon, Nigeria, and Niger. It is situated in an interior basin formerly occupied by a much larger ancient sea that is sometimes called Mega-Chad.
What is the major religion south of the transition zone?
The north is mainly Muslim, as it is located in the African Transition Zone. The south is mainly Christian. A large percentage of the population follows animist religions with many different traditional beliefs.
What is the longest river in Africa that runs through the transition zone?
|Congo River Zaire River|
|Length||4,700 km (2,900 mi)|
|Basin size||4,014,500 km2 (1,550,000 sq mi)|
|• average||41,200 m3/s (1,450,000 cu ft/s)|
Is Madagascar in the African transition zone?
Many of the countries in the African Transition Zone are included in the realm of Subsaharan Africa. … Madagascar is a large island off the southeastern coast of Africa and is usually not included with the other regions because its geographic qualities and biodiversity are quite different from the mainland.
How does climate affect life in the transition zone?
Rain helps determine climate, and in turn vegetation, in most parts of the subregion. Long periods of drought and overuse of the land destroyed vegetation, making the land unusable. …
What are the top 5 natural resources in Africa?
Africa is abundant with natural resources, including diamonds, gold, oil, natural gas, uranium, platinum, copper, cobalt, iron, bauxite and cocoa beans.
What is a transition zone in human geography?
Explanation: The Transition Zone consists largely of low-quality housing that is close in proximity to industrial and manufacturing jobs in the Commercial Business District (CBD). Since the housing in this zone tends to be unpleasant, its cost is low and the proximity to entry-level jobs attracts low-income families.
What are the population patterns like in the transition zone?
There are not only differences in religious beliefs, but also differences in ways of life. Herders, farmers, nomads, and city dwellers make up the people of the Transition Zone.
What is the climate of the transition zone?
The area known as the Transition Zone is so named because of the transition between cool season grasses and warm season grasses. … Its winter temperatures can be too cold for some warm season grasses and too hot in the summer for some cool season grasses. The exceptions are perennial ryegrass and zoysiagrass.
What cultural conflicts can affect life in the transition zone for economic development?
Differences of religion, and differences in way of life.