The European and Arab presence in Mombasa dates to the Early Modern period, but European exploration of the interior began in the 19th century. The British Empire established the East Africa Protectorate in 1895, from 1920 known as the Kenya Colony. The independent Republic of Kenya was formed in 1963.
How long did the British rule Kenya?
British Kenya (1920-1963) Pre-Crisis Phase (July 23, 1920-September 25, 1952): Kenya (part of the British East Africa Protectorate) was declared a British colony on July 23, 1920. Major-General Sir Edward Northey was appointed as the first Governor of the British colony of Kenya.
What was Kenya before 1963?
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya, commonly known as British Kenya, was part of the British Empire in Africa. It was established when the former East Africa Protectorate was transformed into a British Crown colony in 1920.
|Preceded by||Succeeded by|
|East Africa Protectorate||Kenya (1963–1964)|
How did Kenya become a British colony?
The Colony and Protectorate of Kenya was established on 11 June 1920 when the territories of the former East Africa Protectorate (except those parts of that Protectorate over which His Majesty the Sultan of Zanzibar had sovereignty) were annexed by the UK.
When was East Africa colonized?
|East Africa Protectorate|
|• Established||1 July 1895|
|• Disestablished||23 July 1920|
Why did Britain leave Kenya?
Independence and reparations
The Mau Mau uprising convinced the British of the need for reform in Kenya and the wheels were set in motion for the transition to independence. On 12 December 1963 Kenya became an independent nation under the Kenya Independence Act.
What was Kenya called before?
The result is that by the 1920s there is a sizable Indian population to demand a share in the developing political life of Kenya. (By this time the name has been changed from the East Africa Protectorate to Kenya Colony, celebrating the region’s highest mountain.)
What was Kenya like before colonization?
By the 1st Century AD, the Kenyan coast was frequented by Arab traders, who due to Kenya’s proximity to the Arabian Peninsula, established Arab and Persian colonies there. The Nilotic and Bantu people also moved into the region during the first millennium AD. and settled inland.
What language do they speak in Kenya?
Who named Kenya?
Etymology. The Republic of Kenya is named after Mount Kenya. The earliest recorded version of the modern name was written by German explorer Johann Ludwig Krapf in the 19th century.
Who controls Kenya?
The current president of the Republic of Kenya is Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta. Kenya’s constitution states that it is a multi-party democratic state founded on the national values and principles of governance referred to in Article 10.
Where did slaves from Kenya go?
“They were captured in Tanzania, Malawi, Southern Rhodesia [now Zimbabwe] and Northern Rhodesia [now Zambia] and they were taken to Zanzibar to be sold. Mombasa was a route for them to pass through,” Haywood told DW.
What does the name Kenya mean in Hebrew?
The name Kenya is primarily a female name of Hebrew origin that means Animal Horn.
Which country was first colonized in East Africa?
Burundi, Rwanda and Tanganyika were initially colonized as German East Africa. However, Germany lost her colonies after the First World War, and the European powers which took over were doing so under a ‘League of Nations Mandate’.
What was East Africa called before?
|Italian East Africa (former name for Italian possessions in eastern Africa)||Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia|
|Kaffraria, former name for Transkei||South Africa|
|Katanga – 1960, Belgium granted independence to the Congolese province of the||Democratic Republic of the Congo|
How was East Africa affected by imperialism?
Colonialism had a huge impact on the lives of Africans. Economic policies were adopted by Europeans who destroyed the colonies, rather than help them. Africa was damaged economically, politically, and culturally. Africa’s traditional lifestyles and culture were destroyed.