The major autonomous, but symbiotic, city-states stretched over 1,500 miles from Mogadishu (in modern day Somalia) in the north to Sofala (in modern Mozambique) in the south and included Mombasa, Gedi, Pate, Lamu, Malindi, Zanzibar, and Kilwa. …
Who did East African city states trade with?
As trade intensified between Africa and Asia, prosperous city-states flourished along the eastern coast of Africa. These included Kilwa, Sofala, Mombasa, Malindi, and others. The city-states traded with inland kingdoms like Great Zimbabwe to obtain gold, ivory, and iron.
What African kingdoms and city states were in the region of East Africa?
Kingdoms such as Ghana, Mali, and Songhai grew wealthy from this trade and controlled large regions in West Africa. The East African kingdom of Axum grew wealthy through trade and converted to Christianity. Its legacy lived on in Ethiopia.
What were the Swahili city states?
During the 10th century, several city-states flourished along the Swahili Coast and adjacent islands, including Kilwa, Malindi, Gedi, Pate, Comoros, and Zanzibar. These early Swahili city-states were Muslim, cosmopolitan, and politically independent of one another.
When did the Swahili city states start and end?
From 1000 to 1500 CE, Swahili city-states were wealthy urban areas connected both to the African interior and the larger Indian Ocean World.
What were two important city-states in Africa?
The major autonomous, but symbiotic, city-states stretched over 1,500 miles from Mogadishu (in modern day Somalia) in the north to Sofala (in modern Mozambique) in the south and included Mombasa, Gedi, Pate, Lamu, Malindi, Zanzibar, and Kilwa.
How did Islam arrive in East and West Africa?
In this way, Islam spread across and around the Sahara Desert. In addition, the religion arrived in East Africa when Arab traders crossed the Red Sea and, in a second wave, settled along the Swahili Coast.
What is the largest kingdom in Africa?
The most powerful of these states was the Songhai Empire, which expanded rapidly beginning with king Sonni Ali in the 1460s. By 1500, it had risen to stretch from Cameroon to the Maghreb, the largest state in African history.
Which kingdom is the greatest in the world?
1) The British Empire was the largest empire the world has ever seen. The British Empire covered 13.01 million square miles of land – more than 22% of the earth’s landmass.
What is the oldest African civilization?
Africa’s first great civilization emerged in ancient Egypt in c. 3400 BC. Carthage was founded by Phoenicians in the 9th century BC. Ancient civilization, based around the River Nile in Egypt, which emerged 5,000 years ago and reached its peak in the 16th century BC.
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What is the Swahili religion?
Today, most Swahili people are Sunni Muslims. It is the largest group within the religion of Islam. The Busy Medieval Times. The Swahili Coast peaked during the medieval period.
How did the Swahili city-states develop?
The Swahili city-states growth was due largely to the increase in trade along the Indian Ocean Basin. Merchants traded gold, slaves and ivory for pottery, glassware, and textiles from Persia, India and China. City-states were governed by kings, who controlled the trade, as well as the taxes.
How did Islam affect Swahili city-states?
Muslim merchants controlled the world’s most extensive inland and maritime trade routes, and the Swahili city-states had attracted a large number of Persian merchants looking to expand. The conversion to Islam linked the Swahili city-states to massive trade networks that crossed Eurasia.
What are 3 things that were traded in the city-states?
A city-state is a city that rules over the area around it. Common goods were grains, wine, olives, cheese, honey, meat and tools.
Who introduced Kiswahili?
The language dates from the contacts of Arabian traders with the inhabitants of the east coast of Africa over many centuries. Under Arab influence, Swahili originated as a lingua franca used by several closely related Bantu-speaking tribal groups.
What is Swahili civilization?
The Swahili Civilization is a culture of people in east Africa. … The Swahili civilization, starting in the 10th Century, became a land of cultural assimilation, which included the mixture of the cultures of Arabs and Persians, as well as Africans. There were some cities that flourished under Swahili civilization.