African music most closely adheres to Western tetratonic (four-note), pentatonic (five-note), hexatonic (six-note), and heptatonic (seven-note) scales. Harmonization of the melody is accomplished by singing in parallel thirds, fourths, or fifths.
What are the 5 most important features of African music?
- Flutes (bamboo, horn)
- Horns from animal tusks.
- Trumpets wood or metal.
- Pipes being single or double reeds.
What are the key features of African music?
Songs include accompanied and unaccompanied solos, duets and choruses. Unaccompanied choruses are an example of a cappella singing. Songs are usually either strophic (split up into verses) or are in call-and-response form.
What are the 5 kinds of African music?
14 African musical styles for you to explore
- Soukous. Soukous is a form of music that stems from rumba. …
- JuJu. Juju style originally came from Nigeria, a country which has produced many styles that managed to spread all around West African countries, including juju, jaija, fuji, ozzidi, palm-wine, highlife and afrobeat. …
- Mbalax. …
- Zilin. …
- Gnawa. …
- Mbaqanga. …
- Chimurenga. …
How musical elements are used in African music?
The percussion instruments that are most associated with traditional African music are: a variety of drums including the djembe, talking drum and dundun – some of the drums can change in pitch. beads and rattles that produce an alternative timbre to a drum.
What is the most important element of African music?
Throughout Africa, there are four distinct categories of musical instruments: drums, wind, self-sounding and string instruments. The African drum (called the heart of the community) is the most significant instrument as it reflects people’s moods and emotions, and its rhythm holds dancers together.
What are the 8 types of African music?
List of Music Genres in Africa
- Afrobeat. Fela Kuti created Afrobeat by fusing traditional Nigerian music, jazz and highlife. …
- Apala. Apala is a percussion-based style of the Muslim Yoruba people in Nigeria, West Africa.
- Assiko. Assiko is a rhythmic dance from Cameroon.
- Bikutsi. …
- Benga music. …
- Bongo Flava (Tanzania)
- Cabo-Love (Cape Verde)
- Chimurenga music.
What is unique about African music?
African singers use a wide variety of sounds. The melodies are short, repeated over and over, also include whistles and yodels which is peculiar to African style of music. Soloist often improvises new melodies while the chorus continuous with the original melody creating a polyphonic structure.
What are the 5 classifications of musical instruments?
Instruments are classified using 5 different categories depending on the manner in which the instrument creates the sound: Idiophones, Membranophones, Chordophones, Aerophones, & Electrophones.
What is polyrhythm in African music?
Polyrhythms are two or more rhythms played simultaneously at the same tempo. African music often uses percussion instruments. Ghana Shekere or gourd shakers make a sound similar to a maraca. … They are originally from West Africa and are traditionally played by men.
What is the oldest African instrument?
The bolon is one of the oldest of the West African stringed instruments and was originally associated with the hunting and warrior traditions.
What is the most popular instrument in Africa?
Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers.
What is West African music called?
Afrobeat is a music genre with major popularity throughout West Africa. Originating in Ghana in the early 20th century, Afrobeat grew in popularity in the 1960s.
What is texture in African music?
Timbre (the color or texture of a sound) is an essential element in creating the palette of sounds associated with African musics. This element can be used to identify a specific person’s voice, distinguish between instruments, serve as a mnemonic teaching device for instrumental performance, and give meaning to words.
What are the different types of musical instruments?
Musical instrument, any device for producing a musical sound. The principal types of such instruments, classified by the method of producing sound, are percussion, stringed, keyboard, wind, and electronic. Children playing musical instruments.
What are the four classes of African traditional musical instruments?
Introduction. African musical instruments are classified into four groups namely; idiophones, chordophones, aerophones and membranophones.