Geography played an enormous role in sculpting the ancient civilizations of Africa. It was the Nile River, and its enormous annual flooding, which paved the way for widespread agriculture and complex civilization to thrive in Egypt.
What role did geography play in the development of African civilizations?
The geography of Africa helped to shape the history and development of the culture and civilizations of Ancient Africa. The geography impacted where people could live, important trade resources such as gold and salt, and trade routes that helped different civilizations to interact and develop.
How did geography contribute to the development of civilization?
Towns grew up along the rivers which had access to the sea. Rivers also provided protection from invaders. Farmers grew crops in the fertile fields that surrounded the towns. The lack of mountains was good for farming, but it made the towns easier to be invaded by enemies.
How did geography influence Africa?
Geography and Trade Geography was a major factor in the development of West African societies. Settled communities grew south of the Sahara, where the land permitted farming. Geography also influenced trading patterns. … Rivers, such as the Niger, served as trade routes.
What role did geography play in the development of early civilizations?
The first civilizations appeared in locations where the geography was favorable to intensive agriculture. Governments and states emerged as rulers gained control over larger areas and more resources, often using writing and religion to maintain social hierarchies and consolidate power over larger areas and populations.
What impact did the variety of climatic zones have on the development of civilization in Africa?
Climate zones have determined how people made a living in Sub-Saharan Africa. In the forests, farmers grew yams, palm trees, and kola trees. In the savannas, farmers grew grain crops. In the semiarid and desert areas, people were nomadic herders.
What are the major African civilizations?
The civilizations usually include Egypt, Carthage, Axum, Numidia, and Nubia, but may also be extended to the prehistoric Land of Punt and others: the Empire of Ashanti, Kingdom of Kongo, Empire of Mali, Kingdom of Zimbabwe, Songhai Empire, the Garamantes the Empire of Ghana, Bono state and Kingdom of Benin.
How did the geography of Mesopotamia contribute to the development of civilization?
Mesopotamia’s rivers and location in central Asia supported extensive trade routes. … This allowed Mesopotamia to access resources not native to its region, like timber and precious metals. In turn, Mesopotamia developed key aspects of civilization, like a token system to keep trading records.
How did geography contribute to the economic development of Harappa?
How did geography contribute to the economic development of Harappa? A. Harappa used the fertile land to hunt animals for trade with other cities. … Harappa used fertile land from the Indus River to farm and trade.
How did geography play a role in the development of Mesopotamian civilization?
What role did geography play in the development of Mesopotamian civilization? Two rivers helped because of the fertility of the soil which attracted many tribes from the north to settle in the area. Cities developed, like two of the oldest cities, Ur and Uruk. Cities-one of the six things needed in a civilization.
Why is Africa poor geography?
As consequences of its climate, soils, topography, and disease ecology, Africa suffers from chronically low agricultural productivity (especially food production), high disease burdens, and very low levels of international trade, which is concentrated in a few primary commodities.
Why is Africa called the mother continent?
Africa is sometimes nicknamed the “Mother Continent” due to its being the oldest inhabited continent on Earth. Humans and human ancestors have lived in Africa for more than 5 million years.
How did trade influence Africa’s development?
The gold mines of West Africa provided great wealth to West African Empires such as Ghana and Mali. Other items that were commonly traded included ivory, kola nuts, cloth, slaves, metal goods, and beads. As trade developed across Africa, major cities developed as centers for trade.
Which characteristic is the most important for development of a civilization?
Historians have identified the basic characteristics of civilizations. Six of the most important characteristics are: cities, government, religion, social structure, writing and art.
Why is geography important to a civilization?
While geography helped dictate where civilization occurred and impacts human culture, it is of the utmost importance in any human conflict. … Before the widespread use of airplanes, rivers and mountains could divide armies, and geography and topography could prove a deciding factor in any conflict.
Why is geography important to history?
Geography puts history in context. It helps us see the why, when, and how of what happened in history. You’ll learn history better by learning geography.