Trade played a huge role in the development of African cultures. … The trade routes also allowed the connection from the coast of Africa to the inland cultures, allowing them to evolve in their own respects. Some goods important to the trade were animal skins, ebony and ivory, gold, oils, and perfumes.
Why was trade important to the development of West Africa?
Over time, the slave trade became even more important to the West African economy. Kings traded slaves for valuable good, such as horses from the Middle East and textiles and weapons from Europe. The transSaharan slave trade contributed to the power of Ghana, Mali, and Songhai.
What role did trade play in the colonization of West Africa?
The main items traded were gold and salt. The gold mines of West Africa provided great wealth to West African Empires such as Ghana and Mali. Other items that were commonly traded included ivory, kola nuts, cloth, slaves, metal goods, and beads.
How did trade influence the development of African civilizations?
The wealth made through trade was used to build larger kingdoms and empires. To protect their trade interests, these kingdoms built strong armies. Kingdoms that desired more control of the trade also developed strong armies to expand their kingdoms and protect them from competition.
How did trade affect West African societies?
The size of the Atlantic slave trade dramatically transformed African societies. The slave trade brought about a negative impact on African societies and led to the long-term impoverishment of West Africa. This intensified effects that were already present amongst its rulers, kinships, kingdoms and in society.
What are the problems of industrialization in West Africa?
To reverse this trend, countries of the region need to remove the obstacles to industrialization as well as domestic and international investments, including the lack of transportation and logistics infrastructures, industrial facilities obsolescence, energy shortages, inadequately qualified workforce for industrial …
What are the main exports of West Africa?
Cocoa and cocoa food preparations (5% of exports) , precious stones (3%) and secondarily cotton , edible fruit, rubber , plastics , wood and wood products , fish and shellfish (about 1% each), form together with fuel , the major export products of the West African Economic Community.
What are 3 reasons for colonization?
Historians generally recognize three motives for European exploration and colonization in the New World: God, gold, and glory.
What were the impacts of imperialism in Africa?
There were several negatives of colonialism for the Africans like resource depletion, labor exploitation, unfair taxation, lack of industrialization, dependence on cash crop economy, prohibition of trade, the breaking up of traditional African society and values, lack of political development, and ethnic rivals inside …
What were the two main European countries that were trying to take over parts of West Africa?
Already during 1854–74, the logic of the situation in western Africa had led France and Britain to take the political initiatives of creating formal European colonies in Senegal, in Lagos, and in the Gold Coast.
What made Songhai powerful?
With his control of critical trade routes and cities such as Timbuktu, Sonni Ali brought great wealth to the Songhai Empire, which at its height would surpass the wealth of Mali. In oral tradition, Sonni Ali is often known as a powerful politician and great military commander.
Which product of West Africa was most important in the trade across the Sahara?
When Mossi raids destroyed the Mali empire, the rising Songhai empire relied on the same resources. Gold remained the principal product in the trans-Saharan trade, followed by kola nuts and slaves.
What goods did Europe trade with Africa?
- gold, copper and diamonds were the European traded with Africa.
- tea,coffee,rubber, tobacco were the agricultural products they promoted for trade purpose.
What impact did triangular trade have on West Africa?
The slave trade had devastating effects in Africa. Economic incentives for warlords and tribes to engage in the slave trade promoted an atmosphere of lawlessness and violence. Depopulation and a continuing fear of captivity made economic and agricultural development almost impossible throughout much of western Africa.
Who captured slaves to trade in Africa?
It is thought that around 8.5 million enslaved Africans were taken to the Americas. British slave ships set off from Liverpool, Glasgow or Bristol, carrying trade goods and sailed to West Africa. Some of those enslaved were captured directly by the British traders.
What caused slavery in Africa?
A main cause of the trade was the colonies that European countries were starting to develop. In America, for instance, which was a colony of England, there was a demand for many labourers for the sugar, tobacco and cotton plantations.