What kind of plants are in southern Africa?

How many different types of plants are there in South Africa?

20,000. plant species are found in South Africa – an astonishing 10% of all plants found on Earth.

What type of plants are in Africa?

Notable African Savanna Plants

  • Acacia Tree. One of the rare trees to thrive in the savanna, the acacia is one of the most iconic sights in the grasslands. …
  • Baobab Tree. Another iconic sight on the savanna is the baobab tree. …
  • Candelabra Tree. …
  • Elephant Grass. …
  • Jackal Berry Tree. …
  • Whistling Thorn.

What is the indigenous plants of Africa?

The contribution of species indigenous and/or endemic to southern Africa in the development of cut flower crop plants is widely acknowledged. These include what is known in the trade as gladiolus, freesia, gerbera, ornithogalum, clivia, agapanthus, strelitzia, plumbago and protea.

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What does it mean if a plant is indigenous to South Africa?

When we say something is indigenous, we mean that it originally came from a particular area. … If you want to plant a water-wise garden, it is best to choose plants that are indigenous to the Cape region rather than plants from summer rainfall regions of South Africa.

What is a flora?

The word “flora” refers to the plants occurring within a given region as well as to the publication of scientific descriptions of those plants. A Flora may contain anything from a simple list of the plants occurring in an area to a very detailed account of those plants. …

What animals are only found in South Africa?

It supports a wide range of ungulates including Burchell’s zebra, impala, greater kudu, blue wildebeest, waterbuck, warthog, Cape buffalo, giraffe and hippopotamus. There are also black and white rhinoceroses, African elephant, African wild dog, cheetah, leopard, lion and spotted hyena.

Which is the longest river of Africa?

Nile River: Longest river in Africa ‘Blue Nile River Dam’ dey cause Egypt-Ethiopia kasala – Read wetin you need to know.

What is the most common vegetation in Africa?

Tropical grasslands are called savannas. They do well in weather that is warm year-round and usually pretty dry. The most famous savannas are in Africa. Serengeti National Park, in Tanzania, has three distinct types of savanna grassland: long grass, intermediate grass, and short grass.

What plants are found in the African savanna?

The African Savanna is a thornbush savanna, which has many different kinds of plants such as acacia Senegal, candelabra tree, jackalberry tree, umbrella thorn acacia, whistling thorn, Bermuda grass, baobabs, and elephant grass.

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What flowers are edible in South Africa?

12 edible indigenous South African plants

  • Pelargonium culallatum (wild malva) …
  • Pelargonium tomentosum (peppermint-scented pelargonium) …
  • Coleonema pulchellum (confetti bush) …
  • Oxalis pes-caprae (wild sorrel) …
  • Artemesia afra (African wormwood) …
  • Carissa macrocarpa (num-num) …
  • Tulbachia violacea (wild garlic) …
  • Jasminum multipartitum (many-petalled jasmine)

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Are hydrangeas indigenous to South Africa?

Hydrangeas (or Christmas roses, as they are affectionately referred to in South Africa) are native to Asia and America, but they grow well in almost all parts of South Africa, from our coastal areas to the interior.

How many flowering plants are indigenous to South Africa?

South Africa is home to more than 22 000 indigenous seed plants from almost 230 different families. It is also the proud home of 10% of the world’s flowering species, making it a major contributor to the global ecological scene.

Which shrubs are native to South Africa?

Protea (Protea cynaroides)

  • Protea repens.
  • Protea stokoei.
  • Protea obtusifolia.
  • Protea magnifica.
  • Protea cynaroides.
  • Protea caffra.

What are examples of indigenous plants?

Some examples include little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium), and Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans), wild sea oats (Chasmanthium latifolium) and tall grass prairie switch grass (Panicum virgatum). Some seed heads provide food for wildlife.

What trees are indigenous to South Africa?

Trees of South Africa South African Indigenous Trees List

  • Baobab. All species of baobab trees are deciduous, meaning they shed their leaves annually. …
  • Black Monkey Orange. …
  • Buffalo Thorn. …
  • Bushwillow. …
  • Common Star Chestnut. …
  • Corkbush. …
  • Jackalberry. …
  • Knob Thorn.
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Across the Sahara