What is the oldest West African samba instrument?

The agogô may be the oldest samba instrument and was based on West African Yoruba single or double bells. The agogô has the highest pitch of any of the bateria instruments.

When were the Agogo Bells invented?

Only in the 70’s, the first Agogo group was created in Portela and soon thereafter became the most traditional instrument of the Império Serrano Samba School.

How was the Agogo made?

Agogo Bell: An Agogo bell is a hollow metal conical bell that is usually made out of metal. However, some Agogos were made out wood and small coconuts. This instrument produces a sound when it was struck. … These were the Metal, Wood, and Coconut Bell.

What is the use of Agogo?

The agogô is a bell idiophone associated with Afro-Brazilian culture of Brazil. It is used alongside the berimbau and other instruments to accompany capoeira and also for African-derived religious practices such as candomblé. The agogô has also become a standard instrument in samba baterias.

Is Agogo a Idiophone?

Agogo 20th century

Instruments made of sonorous materials (idiophones) comprises the largest and most widespread type in sub-Sahara Africa.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Which team has the most league titles in South Africa?

Who invented Agogo Bells?

An agogô (Yoruba: agogo, meaning bell) is a single or a multiple bell now used throughout the world but with origins in traditional Yoruba and Edo music and also in the samba baterias (percussion ensembles). The agogô may be the oldest samba instrument and was based on West African Yoruba single or double bells.

What is the kora made of?

Kora, long-necked harp lute of the Malinke people of western Africa. The instrument’s body is composed of a long hardwood neck that passes through a calabash gourd resonator, itself covered by a leather soundboard. Twenty-one leather or nylon strings are attached to the top of the neck with leather tuning rings.

Where did the Agogo come from?

The agogo (or agogo bell) is an instrument of African origin (called “gankogui”, from Ewe ethnic group, Ghana). The agogo is presenting as a bell in conical shaped or truncated cone, in chromed or painted steel, usually in two or even three or four, linked together by a steel bent and welded stem.

What is the meaning of djembe?

A djembe or jembe (/ˈdʒɛmbeɪ/ JEM-bay; from Malinke jembe [dʲẽbe], N’Ko: ߖߋ߲߰ߓߋ‎) is a rope-tuned skin-covered goblet drum played with bare hands, originally from West Africa.

What is Surdo?

The surdo is a large bass drum used in many kinds of Brazilian music, such as Axé/Samba-reggae and samba, where it plays the lower parts from a percussion section. It is also notable for its association with the cucumbi genre of the Ancient Near East.

What type of instrument is Shekere?

The shekere (from Yoruba Ṣẹ̀kẹ̀rẹ̀) is a West African percussion instrument consisting of a dried gourd with beads or cowries woven into a net covering the gourd. The instrument is common in West African and Latin American folkloric traditions as well as some of the popular music styles.

IT IS INTERESTING:  Is South Africa a limited or unlimited government?

What are African Idiophone instruments?


  • Percussion instrument.
  • Musical instrument.
  • Xylophone.
  • Cymbal.
  • Rattle.
  • Slit drum.
  • Jew’s harp.
  • Scraper.

Is a Caixa a Idiophone?

snare drum-or caixa, small snare drum with a very shallow head, played with one or two sticks. afuce/cabaca-rattle-type idiophone with beads attached to the outside of the gourd or wood body.

What are the four classes of African traditional musical instruments?

Introduction. African musical instruments are classified into four groups namely; idiophones, chordophones, aerophones and membranophones.

Across the Sahara