The majority of Equatorial Africa is dominated by tropical rainforests. This region receives anywhere from 100 to 500 centimeters of rainfall annually. Temperatures average about 90 degrees each day in the equatorial parts of this region. … Equatorial Africa is not densely populated.
What is equatorial type of climate?
A tropical rainforest climate or equatorial climate is a tropical climate usually found within 10 to 15 degrees latitude of the equator. They experience high mean annual temperatures and small temperature ranges. Annual rainfall is high, amounting to more than 2000mm that falls throughout the year.
What are the 3 climates of Africa?
The climate of Africa is a range of climates such as the equatorial climate, the tropical wet and dry climate, the tropical monsoon climate, the semi-arid climate (semi-desert and steppe), the desert climate (hyper-arid and arid), and the subtropical highland climate.
What are the 4 major climate zones of Africa?
The four climatic zones were distributed into Saharan, Sahelian, wet tropical and equatorial climate types.
What is the climate in West and Central Africa?
Temperatures in the lowlands of West Africa are high throughout the year, with annual means usually above 18°C. In the Sahel, maximum temperatures can reach above 40°C. Not only scarcity of rainfall, but also its variability and unpredictability become more significant with latitude.
What causes the equatorial climate?
The air above the Equator is very hot and rises, creating an area of low pressure. The Equator experiences high amounts of rainfall due to this rising air resulting in a warm and wet equatorial climate (eg the Amazon and Congo tropical rainforests). … This is because sinking air does not result in precipitation.
What are the reasons for the equatorial climate?
Trade winds are caused by the Sun heating the equator more than the North and South Poles. When the Sun heats land and ocean around the equator, warm, moist air rises creating clouds, storms and rain. The air loses heat and moisture through rainfall.
What is the coldest country in Africa?
The tiny Kingdom of Lesotho is an exceptionally mountainous country, with the highest low point of any nation on Earth. It’s also the coldest country on the continent, with a record low of -4.7°F/ -20.4°C measured in Letseng-le-Draai in 1967.
Which country has the best weather in Africa?
While you won’t say that looking at the past week, South Africa is actually world-renowned for its sunshiney weather. Which is why our beloved #Mzansi, along with Greece, Costa Rica and Cyprus, has made the rankings as one of the Top 10 Countries with the Best Weather and Climate.
Does it ever get cold in Africa?
Temperature. South Africa has typical weather for the Southern Hemisphere, with the coldest days in June–August. … In winter temperatures can drop below freezing, also due to altitude. During winter it is warmest in the coastal regions, especially on the eastern Indian Ocean coast.
Why Africa is hot?
Africa mainly lies within the intertropical zone between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. … Because of this geographical situation, Africa is a hot continent as the solar radiation intensity is always high.
What is the hottest place on earth?
Scientists still have to validate the reading of 130 degrees Fahrenheit on Sunday, the equivalent of 54 degrees Celsius. In the popular imagination, Death Valley in Southern California is the hottest place on earth.
What is the hottest country in the world?
Burkina Faso, a landlocked Sahelian country, is the hottest country in the world – with an average daily temperature of 83°F (29°C). Located in the Sahara Desert, this western Africa nation gets blasted by heat, from the harmattan, a dry east wind that picks up a considerable amount of dust and heat from the Sahara.
Why does Africa get little rain?
The cooler temperatures in the north weakened the high altitude Tropical Easterly Jet, which consistently brought moisture into northern Africa. Due to the weakening of the Tropical Easterly Jet, the African Easterly Jet strengthened, which indirectly inhibits rainfall in northern Africa.
Why is Africa a desert?
These deserts exist, fundamentally, because they are so far inland that the moisture is gone by the time air masses reach them from the sea. … So, Africa’s size and location, along with the patterns of the Earth’s climate, are the reason Africa has two distinct hot desert zones.
Does it rain in Central Africa?
Central African Republic – Climate
The climate is tropical, with abundant rainfall of about 178 cm (70 in) annually in the south, decreasing to about 86 cm (30 in) in the extreme northeast. There is one rainy season (December– March) and one long, hot, dry season (April–November). Floods are common.