What are the factors responsible for the underdevelopment of Africa?
Various factors have been advanced for African underdevelopment comprising both endogenous and exogenous factors of colonialism and the scramble for African continent, world capitalist, corruption, geographical location and weak institutions.
What are the main causes of underdevelopment?
Unemployment; Poverty; child marriage; Injustice; High population growth rate; illiteracy; Corruption; High Dependence on Agriculture; Economic inequality; Corruption; Lack of structural, institutional and technical change.
Why has Africa not developed?
Africa was technologically behind the rest of the world because of the Sahara desert. Critical technology needed to develop other technologies, like writing systems and the wheel for instance, failed to reach sub-Saharan Africa from the Mesopotamian Civilizations.
How did Europe Underdeveloped Africa?
How Europe Underdeveloped Africa is a 1972 book written by Walter Rodney that describes how Africa was deliberately exploited and underdeveloped by European colonial regimes. One of his main arguments throughout the book is that Africa developed Europe at the same rate as Europe underdeveloped Africa.
How can we overcome underdevelopment?
Overcoming underdevelopment requires a developmental state that first fos- ters domestic markets with policies of import substitution, and then a dual strategy of industrialisation coupled with exchange rate devaluation at the point of export potential.
What is the concept of underdevelopment?
Underdevelopment is low level of development characterized by low real per capita income, wide-spread poverty, lower level of literacy, low life expectancy and underutilisation of resources etc.
What are the causes of underdevelopment in the region?
Health Poor health and healthcare is as much a cause of underdevelopment as underdevelopment is a cause of poor health. Lack of sanitation and clean water supply, poor education, inadequate nutrition, and insufficient income to buy even the most basic drugs mean that the risk of disease is greatly augmented.
How does poverty lead to underdevelopment?
Poverty is a cause of underdevelopment in the sense that no country starts right away with reserve currency for example and that without a minimum of wealth, no money can be used to support development. If there is no financial support, there is no way to improve social areas.
Why do some countries stay poor?
Differences in the economic growth rate of nations often come down to differences in inputs (factors of production) and differences in TFP—the productivity of labor and capital resources. Higher productivity promotes faster economic growth, and faster growth allows a nation to escape poverty.
Will Africa ever be rich?
Africa is a resource-rich continent. Recent growth has been due to growth in sales in commodities, services, and manufacturing. West Africa, East Africa, Central Africa and Southern Africa in particular, are expected to reach a combined GDP of $29 trillion by 2050.
Can Africa ever become developed?
Africa is currently the world’s fastest growing continent, with GDP expected to grow by at least six per cent annually until 2023. But while nations such as Nigeria, South Africa and Egypt enjoy relative wealth, the continent is home to three quarters of the world’s poorest countries.
Why was Africa so easily conquered?
The European countries were able to colonise African countries rapidly because there were rivalries between African leaders. … This led to even more deaths of animals and people, and due to their physical and mental weakness, they were unable to fight against European powers.
What is Africa imperialism?
The main motive for imperialism was to obtain and control a supply of raw materials for industries. … This meant that a weaker country with abundant natural resources would be colonised. Imperialists were often brutal in the way they treated the indigenous population.
How did European colonialism affect Africa’s culture?
Colonialism made African colonies dependent by introducing a mono- cultural economy for the territories. It also dehumanized African labour force and traders. It forced Africans to work in colonial plantations at very low wages and displaced them from their lands.