In addition to an array of landforms from rift valleys to mountains to deserts, Sub-Saharan Africa contains a wide variety of climate zones and precipitation patterns. In general, the continent is relatively hot with temperate climates in the higher elevations.
What is the physical geography of the Sahara?
Physiography. The principal topographical features of the Sahara include shallow, seasonally inundated basins (chotts and dayas) and large oasis depressions; extensive gravel-covered plains (serirs or regs); rock-strewn plateaus (hammadas); abrupt mountains; and sand sheets, dunes, and sand seas (ergs).
How might the physical geography of Africa be characterized?
Your answer: Most of the continent is made up of tropical rain forest. Deserts and savannas cover almost half of the continent.
What are the geographical characteristics of Africa?
Africa is the most tropical of all continents. Climate and vegetation range from equatorial rainforests, tropical deserts and savanna grassland to Mediterranean. The Sahara Desert, the largest of its kind anywhere in the world, is over 10.4 million km2 n North to south is approx.
What physical feature separates northern and sub-Saharan Africa?
The Sahel is a narrow band of semi-arid land that forms a transition zone between the Sahara to the north and the savannas to the south. It is made up of flat, barren plains that stretch roughly 5,400 kilometers (3,300 miles) across Africa, from Senegal to Sudan.
What are five physical features?
Landforms include hills, mountains, plateaus, canyons, and valleys, as well as shoreline features such as bays, peninsulas, and seas, including submerged features such as mid-ocean ridges, volcanoes, and the great ocean basins.
What continent is the Sahara Desert in?
How does physical geography affect trade in Africa?
How did geography affect West Africa? There were so many different geographical features, so Africans were forced to trade for what they needed. … They charged fees for trading activity and used their money to expand. More people came to live in the city, so they gave out more jobs.
What are some unusual features of the geography of Africa?
Here are a few interesting geography facts related to Africa.
- Africa is home to the second longest river in the world. …
- Africa has the world’s largest non-polar desert. …
- Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain on the continent. …
- Africa lies on all four hemispheres of the Earth. …
- Africa is hot!
Is Africa mainly desert?
Africa, the second largest continent in the world, has a variety of geographic features and vegetation zones. Many people think of Africa as consisting mostly of vast stretches of dry desert. … In fact only a small percentage of Africa, along the Guinea Coast and in the Zaire River Basin, are rainforests.
What are 3 major geographical features?
Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of landforms. Minor landforms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create landforms by pushing up mountains and hills.
What are 3 physical features?
Landforms & Physical Features
- Geography Landforms & Physical Features. Our Earth is made up of a many different types of landforms. …
- Mountains. Mountains are large, tall, and elevated land areas on the earth’s surface that rise abruptly from the surrounding land area. …
- Plains. …
- Plateaus. …
- Mesas. …
- Buttes. …
- Deserts. …
What are the major physical features of East Africa?
Key Takeaways. The physical geography of East Africa is dominated by the Great Rift Valley, which extends through the middle of the region from north to south. Associated with the rift valleys are vast savannas such as the Serengeti Plain, large lakes, high mountains, and the highlands of Ethiopia.
What are the 3 largest rivers in sub-Saharan Africa?
Major rivers of Subsaharan Africa include the Zambezi, the Niger and the Congo. Again, water and good soil draw the people to live in and around these rivers.
What are the main boundaries that define sub-Saharan Africa?
1. What are the main boundaries that define Sub-Saharan Africa? The Sub-Saharan Africa includes the African countries south of the Sahara Desert. The main boundaries are between the four major parts -Central Africa, East Africa, West Africa, and Southern Africa.
What is the climate of sub-Saharan Africa?
Climates: Most of sub-Saharan Africa has a tropical climate. This is because seventy percent of the continent lies between the tropic of Cancer and the tropic of Capricorn. Temperatures average around 64 degrees year round everywhere except at the more temperate southern tip of the continent and in cooler upland zones.