The environment of the African Transition Zone is known as the Sahel, a semi-arid region of grasslands created by the collision of the Sahara Desert and central African rain forests. The African Transition Zone stretches over a million square miles, and is over 3500 miles in length.
What is the African transition zone?
The African Transition Zone creates the southern boundary for North Africa. This zone serves as the transition between the arid type B climates and the tropical type A climates. … The African Transition Zone cuts through the center of Sudan and divides the country along religious and ethnic distinctions.
What landform in Africa has rolling grassland and scattered trees?
The savanna is the picture of Africa you see in the movies, with rolling grassland and scattered trees and shrubs. The most famous savanna is the Serengeti, straddling the borders of Kenya and Tanzania. There are 4.5 million square miles of savannas in Africa.
Why is the Sahel called a transition zone?
A transition zone is a physical area in which the land undergoes a radical change such as from arid to tropical. The word describes the appearance of vegetation in the Sahel as a “coastline” marking the border of the sands of the Sahara. …
What is similar about the desert and savanna zones in Africa?
Both contain stone plateaus. Both experience limited rainfall. Both contain abundant grasslands.
What is the main problem for the African transition zone?
soil erosion is a problem in the African transition zone due to over grazing, bad farming techniques, and the dense population. soil erosion may not seem like an actual problem, but the truth is it effects everyone in the long run.
What happens in the transition zone?
The mantle transition zone (TZ) is the layer between two discontinuities in seismic wave-speed that lie at depths of approximately 410 km and 650 km [Anderson, 1989]. These discontinuities are polymorphic phase changes, caused by pressure-induced changes of crystal structure in certain minerals [Anderson, 1967].
What is the world’s largest hot desert?
The Sahara in North Africa is the largest hot desert in the world.
What is the longest lake in Africa?
Covering three countries and a space of 68,800 square kilometers, Lake Victoria is Africa’s largest lake. It is also the world’s biggest tropical lake and its second largest freshwater lake.
Which African region has the best climate zone for agriculture?
The climate of the African rainforest is drier and very suitable for successful agriculture. Tropical rainforests build ecological systems adapted to warm and humid climates.
What are the population patterns like in the transition zone?
There are not only differences in religious beliefs, but also differences in ways of life. Herders, farmers, nomads, and city dwellers make up the people of the Transition Zone.
Which countries are part of the transition zone?
Countries in the Region include:
Senegal, Gambia, Mauritania, Mali, Burkina Faso, Niger, Nigeria, Chad, Sudan, and Eritrea.
What cultural conflicts can affect life in the transition zone for economic development?
Differences of religion, and differences in way of life.
Why is Africa a desert?
These deserts exist, fundamentally, because they are so far inland that the moisture is gone by the time air masses reach them from the sea. … So, Africa’s size and location, along with the patterns of the Earth’s climate, are the reason Africa has two distinct hot desert zones.
Is Africa a desert country?
The Sahara is the worlds largest hot desert, covering 8.5 million square kilometers (3.3 million square miles), about the size of the South American country of Brazil. Defining Africa’s northern bulge, the Sahara makes up 25 percent of the continent.
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What is similar about the desert and savanna zones in Africa quizlet?
When an area becomes drier and changes into desert. What is similar about the desert and savanna zones in Africa? Both have high temperatures.