The atenteben (atɛntɛbɛn) is a bamboo flute from Ghana. It is played vertically, like the European recorder, and, like the recorder, can be played diatonically as well as chromatically. … The instrument originated with the Akan ethnic group of south-central Ghana, particularly in the region of the Kwahu Plateau.
What are flutes made of in Africa?
Globular flutes made from small spherical gourds or from hard-shelled fruits such as Oncoba spinosa are found in southern Africa, Congo, Mozambique, Uganda, Guinea, and elsewhere.
What are the African instruments?
African musical instruments include a wide range of drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and harp-like instruments such as the Kora and the ngoni, as well as fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone such as the mbira, and different types of wind instrument like flutes and …
What are African instruments made of?
Materials for the instruments are usually from nature, like wood, gourds, turtle shells, animal horns or skin. Other materials might be recycled from man-made objects, like scrap metal from old cars or oil drums. Blacksmiths or artists trained in instrument making create them for important people and groups.
What are examples of Aerophones?
Examples of aerophones are flutes, trumpets, trombones, tubas, clarinets, saxophones. You must blow into all of these instruments to make a sound. Examples of chordophones are violins, violas, cellos, double bass, harp, guitar, ukulele. You must strum, pluck, or use a bow on these instruments to make sound.
How do they call a wooden xylophone in Africa?
It is known in Latin America as a marimba (one of its African names) and was probably taken there by African slaves; xylophones with calabash resonators exist in the Bantu-language areas of Africa under the name marimba. Other common names for such instruments in West Africa are balo or balafon.
What is the oldest African instrument?
The bolon is one of the oldest of the West African stringed instruments and was originally associated with the hunting and warrior traditions.
What are the 5 kinds of African music?
14 African musical styles for you to explore
- Soukous. Soukous is a form of music that stems from rumba. …
- JuJu. Juju style originally came from Nigeria, a country which has produced many styles that managed to spread all around West African countries, including juju, jaija, fuji, ozzidi, palm-wine, highlife and afrobeat. …
- Mbalax. …
- Zilin. …
- Gnawa. …
- Mbaqanga. …
- Chimurenga. …
What is the most popular instrument in Africa?
Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers.
What are the 5 most important features of African music?
- Flutes (bamboo, horn)
- Horns from animal tusks.
- Trumpets wood or metal.
- Pipes being single or double reeds.
What is the most distinctive feature of all African musical instrument?
Falling between rhythmic and melodic instruments, the largest and most distinctive member of the African struck-idiophone family is the slit drum, made from a hollowed log. By careful thinning of the flanks at certain places, the instrument may be tuned so as to yield as many as four distinct pitches.
Why is African music unique?
African music is very rhythmic, expressing all aspects of life through the medium of sounds. … Mostly, the traditional music in the continent is passed down orally, not in written form. Bringing People Together:- Every part of African continent contributes to the music of this land in their own unique way.
What is the importance of African music?
African music is a vital part of everyday life in Africa. It is a part of religious ceremonies, festivals, and social rituals. Songs are used for the important events in a person’s life (birth, coming of age, marriage, and death). They are used for curing the sick, bringing rain, and religious dances.
Is flute a Aerophone?
Flute. … A flute is an aerophone or reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening, usually a sharp edge. According to the instrument classification of Hornbostel–Sachs, flutes are categorized as edge-blown aerophones.
What are Electrophones examples?
- Some instruments that use electronic means of generating sound are: the theremin, the ondes martenot, electronic organs, and electronic music synthesizers.
- On the other hand, electronically amplified conventional instruments include guitars, pianos, and others.
- Let’s learn something more about this family!
What does Aerophone mean?
Aerophone, any of a class of musical instruments in which a vibrating mass of air produces the initial sound. … The word aerophone replaces the term wind instrument when an acoustically based classification is desired.