Savannas, or grasslands, cover almost half of Africa, more than 13 million square kilometers (5 million square miles). These grasslands make up most of central Africa, beginning south of the Sahara and the Sahel and ending north of the continents southern tip.
Which geographic feature covers most of East Africa?
Answer: The physical geography of East Africa is dominated by the Great Rift Valley, which extends through the middle of the region from north to south.
Which geographic feature covers most of North Africa?
The SAHARA DESERT, the dominant feature of the North African landscape, sweeps across the southern part of the region. The Sahara serves as a geographical boundary between North Africa and sub-Saharan Africa, except in Egypt.
What are the geographical characteristics of Africa?
Africa is the most tropical of all continents. Climate and vegetation range from equatorial rainforests, tropical deserts and savanna grassland to Mediterranean. The Sahara Desert, the largest of its kind anywhere in the world, is over 10.4 million km2 n North to south is approx.
What features are beneficial to Africa?
Top 10 Most Important Features in Africa
- Lake Victoria. Lake Victoria, though shallow, is the largest freshwater lake in Africa and the second-largest in the world (after Lake Superior in North America). …
- Great Rift Valley. …
- Drakensburg Range. …
- Lake Tanganyika. …
- Serengeti Plain. …
- Mt. …
- Ruwenzori Mountains. …
- Namib Desert.
What are 3 major geographical features?
Mountains, hills, plateaus, and plains are the four major types of landforms. Minor landforms include buttes, canyons, valleys, and basins. Tectonic plate movement under the Earth can create landforms by pushing up mountains and hills.
What are 3 physical features?
Landforms & Physical Features
- Geography Landforms & Physical Features. Our Earth is made up of a many different types of landforms. …
- Mountains. Mountains are large, tall, and elevated land areas on the earth’s surface that rise abruptly from the surrounding land area. …
- Plains. …
- Plateaus. …
- Mesas. …
- Buttes. …
- Deserts. …
What are 2 reasons for North Africa’s dry climate?
The dry subtropical climate of the northern Sahara is caused by stable high-pressure cells centred over the Tropic of Cancer. The annual range of average daily temperatures is about 36 °F (20 °C). Winters are relatively cold in the northern regions and cool in the central Sahara.
What are three important waterways in North Africa?
- Atbarah River – Sudan, Ethiopia.
- Blue Nile – Sudan, Ethiopia.
- Didessa River – Ethiopia.
- Nile – Egypt.
- Bahr el Zeraf – South Sudan.
- White Nile – Sudan, South Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda.
- White Nile – Sudan, South Sudan.
Which desert covers most of North Africa?
The Sahara is the largest desert in the world and occupies approximately 10 percent of the African Continent.
What is Africa famous for?
Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.
Why is Africa considered the birthplace of humanity?
Etymology. The self-proclaimed name Cradle of Humankind reflects the fact that the site has produced a large number of (as well as some of the oldest) hominin fossils ever found, some dating back as far as 3.5 million years ago.
What are 4 physical features?
Therefore, Standard 4 contains these themes: The Concept of Place and The Characteristics of Places. Places are jointly characterized by their physical and human properties. Their physical characteristics include landforms, climate, soils, and hydrology.
What are 5 physical features of Africa?
It can be divided into five major physical regions: mountain systems; plateaus; plains, steppes, and deserts; freshwater environments; and saltwater environments.
What is Africa’s main source of income?
Agriculture is Africa’s largest economic sector, representing 15 percent of the continent’s total GDP, or more than $100 billion annually. It is highly concentrated, with Egypt and Nigeria alone accounting for one-third of total agricultural output and the top ten countries generating 75 percent.
What makes Africa Rich?
Africa is rich in natural resources ranging from arable land, water, oil, natural gas, minerals, forests and wildlife. The continent holds a huge proportion of the world’s natural resources, both renewables and non-renewables. … The largest reserves of cobalt, diamonds, platinum and uranium in the world are in Africa.