Causes. A report by the Human Sciences Research Council identified four broad causes for the violence: relative deprivation, specifically intense competition for jobs, commodities and housing; group processes, including psychological categorisation processes that are nationalistic rather than superordinate.
What are the main causes of xenophobic attacks?
The most obvious motives advanced for the socio-economic causes of Xenophobia are unemployment, poverty and inadequate or lack of service delivery which are mostly politically attributed. Unemployment constitutes a social problem pertaining to a situation of not having a job.
What caused the xenophobic attacks in South Africa 2019?
The violence is often triggered by local disputes, with migrants being accused of taking jobs away from South Africans. Foreign-run shops have been looted and destroyed. The country has experienced poor economic performance, with officially recorded unemployment at more than 27% at the end of last year.
What are the causes and effects of xenophobia?
Xenophobia, or fear of strangers, is a broad term that may be applied to any fear of someone who is different from us. Hostility towards outsiders is often a reaction to fear. 1 It typically involves the belief that there is a conflict between an individual’s ingroup and an outgroup.
What is a xenophobic attack?
It is an expression of perceived conflict between an ingroup and an outgroup and may manifest in suspicion by the one of the other’s activities, a desire to eliminate their presence, and fear of losing national, ethnic or racial identity.
When was the last xenophobic attack in South Africa?
The South African Institute of Race Relations stated that the riots were similar in nature and origin to the 2008 xenophobic riots that also occurred in Johannesburg.
2019 Johannesburg riots.
|Date||1–5 September 2019 8 September 2019|
|Location||Johannesburg, South Africa|
|Caused by||Xenophobia Death of a mini-bus taxi driver|
Why is xenophobia viewed as a human rights violation?
The lack of promotion and protection of human rights creates an environment conducive to manifestations of xenophobia, and xenophobic acts are violations of human rights.
What are problems in South Africa?
Key socioeconomic challenges include high rates of poverty, social inequality, unemployment, and public service access disparities—problems that disproportionately affect blacks. Unequal access to land is a notably sensitive issue.
Do foreigners have rights in South Africa?
The Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996 protects the rights of all people in South Africa, including non-nationals. Human rights are applicable to all people, therefore everyone in the country is entitled to human rights by virtue of being human.
Can you protest in South Africa?
South Africa’s Regulation of Gatherings Act requires a convener to give notice of their intention to hold a gathering to their local authority, in most cases their municipality.
What are consequences of xenophobia?
Particular manifestations and frequency of xenophobia are well known. ‘ It is also well known that, in conjunction with pseudo-speciation,2 xenophobia leads to high aggressiveness and may lead to war, due to the weakening of mechanisms for mutual accommodation and inhibitions against killing.
How xenophobia in South Africa could effectively be eliminated?
To effectively combat xenophobia, the government and police need to publicly acknowledge attacks on foreign nationals and their property as xenophobic and take decisive action. This should include ensuring proper police investigations of xenophobic crimes and holding those responsible to account.
How does xenophobia affect the economy?
Xenophobia destroys the nation’s economy structure that tourism might have built, reduces socio-economic benefits accrued to community residents through tourism enterprises. As the world is a global society several tiers of government should take vivid stands against several causes of xenophobia in the society.
How does xenophobia affect South African communities?
In post-Apartheid South Africa, xenophobic attitudes have permeated the society and fuelled countless xenophobic attacks on non-nationals. Thousands of foreign nationals or those considered ‘outsiders’ have been harassed, attacked or killed, as a result of this violence.