What are the vocal and instrumental music of Africa?

African musical instruments include a wide range of drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and harp-like instruments such as the Kora and the ngoni, as well as fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone such as the mbira, and different types of wind instrument like flutes and …

What are the vocal music of Africa?

Vocal Forms of African Music  1. Maracatu Surfaced in the African state of Pernambuco, combining the strong rhythms of African percussion instruments with Portugese melodies. It uses mostly percussion instruments such as the alfaia, tarol, and caixa-de-Guerra, gongue, agbe, and miniero.

What are the 8 types of African music?

List of Music Genres in Africa

  • Afrobeat. Fela Kuti created Afrobeat by fusing traditional Nigerian music, jazz and highlife. …
  • Apala. Apala is a percussion-based style of the Muslim Yoruba people in Nigeria, West Africa.
  • Assiko. Assiko is a rhythmic dance from Cameroon.
  • Bikutsi. …
  • Benga music. …
  • Bongo Flava (Tanzania)
  • Cabo-Love (Cape Verde)
  • Chimurenga music.
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What are the 5 kinds of African music?

14 African musical styles for you to explore

  • Soukous. Soukous is a form of music that stems from rumba. …
  • JuJu. Juju style originally came from Nigeria, a country which has produced many styles that managed to spread all around West African countries, including juju, jaija, fuji, ozzidi, palm-wine, highlife and afrobeat. …
  • Mbalax. …
  • Zilin. …
  • Gnawa. …
  • Mbaqanga. …
  • Chimurenga. …
  • Majika.

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What is the most important element of African music?

Throughout Africa, there are four distinct categories of musical instruments: drums, wind, self-sounding and string instruments. The African drum (called the heart of the community) is the most significant instrument as it reflects people’s moods and emotions, and its rhythm holds dancers together.

What makes African music unique?

African singers use a wide variety of sounds. The melodies are short, repeated over and over, also include whistles and yodels which is peculiar to African style of music. Soloist often improvises new melodies while the chorus continuous with the original melody creating a polyphonic structure.

What is West African music called?

Afrobeat is a music genre with major popularity throughout West Africa. Originating in Ghana in the early 20th century, Afrobeat grew in popularity in the 1960s.

What is the oldest African instrument?

The bolon is one of the oldest of the West African stringed instruments and was originally associated with the hunting and warrior traditions.

What are the classification of African music?

Answer: There are five groups of Sub-Saharan African musical instruments: membranophones, chordophones, aerophones, idiophones, and percussion.

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Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers.

What are the 5 most important features of African music?

Aerophones (wind)

  • Flutes (bamboo, horn)
  • Ocarinas.
  • Panpipes.
  • Horns from animal tusks.
  • Trumpets wood or metal.
  • Pipes being single or double reeds.
  • Whistle.

What are characteristics of African music?

Among the qualities of African music which may be considered characteristic, then, we may include the following: an emphasis on rhythmic and metric complexity expressed throughout the musical system; the use of extended syncopation, or off- beat phrasing of melodic accents, as a melodic device; the antiphonal call and …

What is African music used for?

African music is a vital part of everyday life in Africa. It is a part of religious ceremonies, festivals, and social rituals. Songs are used for the important events in a person’s life (birth, coming of age, marriage, and death). They are used for curing the sick, bringing rain, and religious dances.

What are the main features of African drumming music?

Features of these elements include:

  • polyrhythms are created by layering different rhythms together.
  • dynamics are changed depending on the force with which the drum is hit.
  • dynamics are not written down on a score – the leader signals changes in dynamics during the performance.

What is polyrhythm in African music?

Polyrhythms are two or more rhythms played simultaneously at the same tempo. African music often uses percussion instruments. Ghana Shekere or gourd shakers make a sound similar to a maraca. … They are originally from West Africa and are traditionally played by men.

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What is the African culture and tradition?

African Traditions are expressed through music, art, dance and sculpture… African Tradition is expressed through many different art forms, such as music, dance, art, sculpture and beadwork. These traditions are deeply ingrained into the whole African culture.

Across the Sahara