Chordophones. This class, comprising instruments that produce sound from strings stretched between fixed points, is well represented in Africa. There is an abundance of specimens in the form of zithers, lutes, and harps.
What are the traditional African instruments?
African musical instruments include a wide range of drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and harp-like instruments such as the Kora and the ngoni, as well as fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone such as the mbira, and different types of wind instrument like flutes and …
What are the examples of Chordophones?
Violins, guitars, lyres, and harps are examples. However, the word also embraces instruments that many would hesitate to call string instruments, such as the musical bow and the piano (which, although sometimes called a string instrument, is also called a keyboard instrument and a percussion instrument).
What are the most common African instruments?
Most widely spread and played instruments in Africa are the drum, the xylophone, the mbira, rattles and shakers. The one-string musical bow, played all over the continent but now nearly abandoned, was once responsible for all the vocal scales that are used today in African music.
What are the traditional African instruments idiophones?
- Percussion instrument.
- Musical instrument.
- Slit drum.
- Jew’s harp.
What are the 5 kinds of African music?
14 African musical styles for you to explore
- Soukous. Soukous is a form of music that stems from rumba. …
- JuJu. Juju style originally came from Nigeria, a country which has produced many styles that managed to spread all around West African countries, including juju, jaija, fuji, ozzidi, palm-wine, highlife and afrobeat. …
- Mbalax. …
- Zilin. …
- Gnawa. …
- Mbaqanga. …
- Chimurenga. …
What was the first African instrument?
Why do you call the banjo the “first African instrument”? By “African,” I’m talking about a construct of the African continent that emerges in the 18th century and into the 19th century as a way to connect people from diverse African groups enslaved on the plantations of the Americas.
What is Aerophone and examples?
A common example of an aerophone instrument would be the flute. The flute produces sound by blowing wind through the instrument. Other common examples of aerophones are trumpets, clarinet, tuba and harmonica. … The 2 subclasses of Aerophones are Free and Non-free.
What is Membranophone example?
Membranophones are instruments that make sound from the vibrations of stretched skins or membranes. Drums, tambourines, and some gongs are common examples of membranophones.
What are idiophones examples?
An idiophone is a type of musical instrument that makes sound from the material of the instrument itself. They do not use reeds, strings or resonators. … Neither are stringed instruments. Examples of idiophones include the triangle, wood block, maracas, bell, and gong.
What are the 5 most important features of African music?
- Flutes (bamboo, horn)
- Horns from animal tusks.
- Trumpets wood or metal.
- Pipes being single or double reeds.
What are the 5 types of musical instruments?
There are five main instrument families: strings, woodwind, brass, keyboards, and percussion.
What do you call a hand piano or thumb piano used by Africans?
Mbira, also called mbila sansa, kilembe, likembe, timbrh, or thumb piano, plucked idiophone (instrument whose sounding parts are resonant solids belonging to the body of the instrument itself)—or more specifically, a lamellaphone—that is unique to Africa and widely distributed throughout the continent. …
What makes African music unique?
African singers use a wide variety of sounds. The melodies are short, repeated over and over, also include whistles and yodels which is peculiar to African style of music. Soloist often improvises new melodies while the chorus continuous with the original melody creating a polyphonic structure.
What is the most distinctive feature of African musical instruments?
Falling between rhythmic and melodic instruments, the largest and most distinctive member of the African struck-idiophone family is the slit drum, made from a hollowed log. By careful thinning of the flanks at certain places, the instrument may be tuned so as to yield as many as four distinct pitches.
What was the most important West African musical instrument?
Traditional music of West Africa incorporates the use of a variety of percussive instruments, the most popular of which is the West African djembe.