What are the major landforms in West Africa?

Most of West Africa’s mountain massifs and highlands, such as the Aïr Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Adrar des Ifoghas, and the Fouta Djallon, originated as Precambrian folds (Church, 1966).

What major landforms are located in Africa?

Some of the main African landforms are:

  • plateaus (which dominate the landscape)
  • huge mountains.
  • long rivers.
  • large lakes.
  • massive deserts.
  • deep valleys.
  • dense rainforests.
  • expansive grasslands.

What are the four main geographic regions of West Africa?

From north to south — from the Sahara to the humid southern coast — West Africa can be subdivided into five broad east-west belts that characterize the climate and the vegetation. These are the bioclimatic zones known as the Saharan, Sahelian, Sudanian, Guinean, and Guineo-Congolian Regions, shown in the map above.

What is the biggest landform in Africa?

The Ethiopian Highlands form the largest continuous area of its altitude in the whole continent, with little of its surface falling below 1500 m (4,921 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4550 m (14,928 ft). It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa for its height and large area.

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What landforms dominate the West African landscape quizlet?

What landforms dominate the West African landscape? Coastal regions are dominated by lagoons, beaches, low plains, mangrove swamps, and the remaining rain forests. The area behind coastal plains is dominated by mountainous highlands and inland areas are mostly covered in low sandy plains.

What are two important landforms in Africa?

It is divided in half almost equally by the equator. Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes and Southern Africa. Each of these regions has unique animal and plant communities.

What is Africa famous for?

Africa is known for Mount Kilimanjaro, Victoria Falls, Nile river, and game reserves such as the Maasai Mara and Serengeti. Africa is also famous for its diverse ethnic groups, Egyptian Pyramids, the Sahara Desert, Mining, and for being the second driest, and the poorest continent in the world.

What is the most valuable resource in West Africa?

Africa’s two most profitable mineral resources are gold and diamonds. In 2008, Africa produced about 483 tons of gold, or 22 percent of the world’s total production.

Which country is the best in West Africa?

The Gambia

Despite being the smallest country in Africa, The Gambia is regarded as West Africa’s best-kept secret. Surrounded by golden beaches backed by swaying palms sprinkled with scenic lagoons, an abundance of wildlife, vibrant history and culture, it offers visitors an opportunity to get in touch with nature.

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What are the two major grassland areas of West Africa?

The World Wide Fund for Nature divides the Sudanian savanna into two ecoregions, separated by the Cameroon Highlands. The West Sudanian savanna runs from the Atlantic Ocean to eastern Nigeria, and the East Sudanian savanna runs from the Cameroon Highlands east to the western lowlands of Ethiopia.

What are the four main landforms of Africa?

Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, the Swahili Coast, the rain forest, the African Great Lakes, and Southern Africa.

What are the 5 regions of Africa?

The UN Statistics Division has subdivided the African continent into five regions, Northern Africa, Central or Middle Africa , Southern Africa, East Africa, and Western Africa.

What are the 10 largest nations in Africa?

Here is a list of the top ten largest countries in square miles:

  • Sudan (728,022 square miles)
  • Libya (679,192 square miles)
  • Chad (495,624 square miles)
  • Niger (489,062 square miles)
  • Angola (481,226 square miles)
  • Mali (478,714 square miles)
  • South Africa (47,320 square miles)
  • Ethiopia (426, 260 square miles)

What are the three main landforms in West Africa?

Most of West Africa’s mountain massifs and highlands, such as the Aïr Mountains, the Tibesti Mountains, the Adrar des Ifoghas, and the Fouta Djallon, originated as Precambrian folds (Church, 1966).

What features dominate the West African landscape?

The region of West Africa includes the southern portion of the bulge of the continent, which extends westward to the Atlantic Ocean. This region is bisected by the African Transition Zone, which borders the southern edge of the Sahara Desert. The main physical features include the Sahara Desert and the Niger River.

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What climate is West Africa?

The lowland climates of West Africa are characterized by uniformly high sunshine and high temperatures throughout the year; mean annual temperatures are usually above 18°C. Areas within 10° of the equator have a mean annual temperature of about 26°C with a range of 1.7 – 2.8°C; the diurnal range is 5.6 – 8.3°C.

Across the Sahara