Cocoa needs a high temperature, plenty of water, and air that is always moist. Therefore, cocoa is grown in the hot and humid regions of Africa (mainly in forest regions), Central and South America, Asia and Oceania.
Does cocoa grow in Africa?
The production of cocoa begins in the tropical regions around the Equator, where the hot and humid climate is well suited for growing cocoa trees. 70% of the world’s cocoa beans come from four West African countries: Ivory Coast, Ghana, Nigeria and Cameroon.
When was cocoa introduced to Africa?
1800 AC: cocoa arrives in Africa
In 1828 the Dutchman Coenraad van Houten invents a revolutionary cocoa press.
Why do cocoa trees grow in tropical countries?
The cacao beans, which are technically seeds, grow inside pods surrounded by a white fleshy pulp known as Baba. The Theobroma cacao tree flourishes in hotter tropical climates (65-90°F) at lower elevations (<2,000ft). It needs a growing area where there is ample rainfall, yet sufficient soil drainage.
How did cocoa farming end up in Africa?
In West Africa, cocoa has historically been cultivated using slash and burn farming. Forest was cut down and burned before planting, and then, when the plot became infertile, the farmer moved to fresh forestland and did the same again.
Which country grows the most cocoa beans?
The Ivory Coast and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for more than 50 percent of the world´s cocoa. In 2016, the Ivory Coast alone produced approximately 1.6 million metric tons of cocoa beans.
Which country produces the best cocoa beans?
Ecuador. Ecuador is home to some of the best cacao beans in the world. Only approximately 5% of cacao in the world is labeled as “Fine Aroma,” and Ecuador produces nearly 63% of it.
Who brought the first cocoa tree to Africa?
In Nigeria, the position is very similar to that of the Gold Coast. For cocoa is alleged to have been first introduced there by a native chief called “Squiss Banego” in 1874—also from Fernando Po. He established a cocoa farm in the Bonny district and cultivation spread.
Where did cocoa originally come from?
It was first domesticated 5,300 years ago, in equatorial South America, before being domesticated in Central America by the Olmecs (Mexico). More than 4,000 years ago, it was consumed by pre-Hispanic cultures along the Yucatán, including the Maya, and as far back as Olmeca civilization in spiritual ceremonies.
Did chocolate originate in Africa?
Why Europe dominates the global chocolate market while Africa produces all the cocoa. … But what is surprising is how little involvement Africa has had in over 200 years—it’s been a major source of the raw material for most of the second half of the 20th century.
Is chocolate a fruit?
Ladies and gentlemen, chocolate is indeed a vegetable according the Wiki. Some also argue that it is a fruit, however regardless of your stance, it is in fact good for you. Chocolate is a product of the cacao bean which grows in pod- like fruits on tropical cacao trees.
Is growing cocoa profitable?
As mentioned before, growing cocoa in India as a profitable crop is possible when inter-cropping is done scientifically. According to some calculations, a farmer can earn up to Rs 60,000 per acre of land along with coconut, from which he can earn Rs. 30,000 per acre.
Do chimpanzees love the taste of cocoa?
Cocoa trees grow best in the rainforest. Chimpanzees love the taste of sticky, sweet cocoa beans.
Who is the largest producer of cocoa?
Production in Côte d’Ivoire, the world’s largest cocoa bean producer, should grow by 2.3 percent a year from 1.2 million tonnes of the base period to 1.6 million tonnes in 2010, and account for 44 percent of global cocoa production due mainly to the increased foreign direct investment followed by the market …
Why are cocoa farmers paid so little?
As a result of low yields due to poor farming practices, aging trees and limited access to inputs such as fertilizer and planting materials. The average cocoa farmer’s income is significantly below the World Bank’s extreme poverty line of USD 1.
Who is the largest producer of cocoa in the world?
Most cocoa is produced in West Africa
Côte d’Ivoire and Ghana are by far the two largest producers of cocoa, accounting for over 60% of global cocoa production, followed by Ecuador with seven percent.