Why did indirect rule fail in West Africa?
Indirect rule in the West was not successful because of the following: There was no centralised administration like in the North. The imposition of tax led to riots in the Isieyin and Ikare. Early emergence of educated elite who strongly criticised the indirect rule.
What are the disadvantages of indirect rule?
Disadvantages of Indirect Rule
- Chiefs became despotic. One of the disadvantages of Indirect Rule is that some of the African chiefs became authoritarian in their approach to local governance. …
- Sidelined the educated elite. …
- Dilemma of chiefs. …
- Puppets of the British. …
- Divide and rule. …
- Imposition of unqualified chiefs.
What was indirect rule in Africa?
According to Lugard, Indirect Rule was a political doctrine which held that the Europeans and Africans were culturally different to this extent, Africans had to be ruled through the Africans own institution.
What are the reason for indirect rule?
The basic aim of indirect rule was the maintenance in their position of the authorities recognized by the native population. The claim that such authorities are now obsolete and no longer form an integral part of the social and political life of the people is implicit in the demand for their elimination.
Who is the father of indirect rule?
Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard (1858-1945), was a British imperialist and colonial administrator in Africa. He made significant contributions to the theory and practice of the British colonial policy of indirect rule. Frederick Lugard was born on Jan. 22, 1858, of missionary parents in India.
What was the effect of indirect rule?
This choice had important consequences for state development: while direct rule implies the creation of a new and persistent admin- istrative capacity as documented by historians, indirect rule may create local despots, which can have detrimental effects on political institutions in the long-run (Acemoglu, Chaves, …
What are the features of indirect rule?
- A Governor. One of the features of Indirect Rule was the position of a Governor. …
- Regional Commissioners. The colony was divided into regions for ease of administration and each region was headed by a Regional Commissioner.
- District Commissioners. …
- Native Authorities. …
- Native Treasury. …
- Native Courts.
Why did British use indirect rule?
Lack of Roads: The British could not easily reach most parts of its’ colonies because the colonies were vast with bad roads and lack of the means of communication. Hence local rulers were empowered to rule for them. … Therefore the British used indirect rule in order to pass government policies to the people.
How did indirect rule affect Africa?
Africans had numerous internal problems, such as the use of human sacrifice and burning “witches” to death in certain regions of the continent (Reader 558), but Europeans could have assisted them and traded with them without simultaneously exploiting and dominating them. …
How did Britain use indirect rule in Africa?
British policy in Western Africa
system subsequently institutionalized as “indirect rule.” Essentially, local government was to be left in the hands of the traditional chiefs, subject to the guidance of European officers.
How did Britain rule Africa?
The British had been heavily involved in the West African slave trade in the 1700s. The trade was abolished in the early 1800s and the British put a lot of effort into trying to wipe out slavery and the slave trade in all of Africa. This changed Britain’s relations with West Africa.
What is direct and indirect rule?
Indirect rule was a system of governance used by the British and French to control parts of their colonial empires, particularly in Africa and Asia, through pre-existing indigenous power structures. … These dependencies were often called “protectorates” or “trucial states”.
What is the difference between indirect rule and assimilation?
Within colonial discourse, indirect rule designates a British system of African governance through indigenous chiefs, usually contrasted with French assimilation, a more centralized policy of transforming colonial subjects into replicas of European citizens.
What is the difference between the direct and indirect control of colonies?
1) What is the main difference between Direct and Indirect control? Direct control would have the government ran by officials of the controlling country. If a colony is indirectly ruled, it is still ruled by the natives, but watched over, and still in control of the ruling country.
Why did the educated elites Criticise the policy of indirect rule?
Exclusion of the educated elite
Probably the major reason why the educated elite opposed Indirect Rule was their own exclusion from taking part in the colonial administration of the time. This pitched the educated elite against the chiefs in what is described as divide and rule tactic.