Most patterns tend to be geometrical and symmetrical and are presented as a form of coded information. Parallel, zigzag, cruciform, curved and spiral lines, representing scarification marks or tattoos, are frequently used to adorn the planes of the mask face.
What are the characteristics and functions of an African mask?
Quite often, African masks function in religious and social events to represent the spirits of ancestors or to control the good and evil forces in the community. They come to life, possessed by spirits in the performance of dance, and are enhanced by both the music and atmosphere of the occasion.
What do African mask represent?
Rituals. In rituals, African masks represent deities, mythological beasts and gods; metaphors for good and evil, the dead, animals, nature and any other force that is considered more powerful than man himself.
What is the style of African masks?
Subject and style. African masks are usually shaped after a human face or some animal’s muzzle, albeit rendered in a sometimes highly abstract form. … Masks from the Senufo people of Ivory Coast, for example, have their eyes half closed, symbolizing a peaceful attitude, self-control, and patience.
What are three types of masks created in Africa describe each?
The three types are face masks, helmet masks, and body and belly masks. Face masks are commonly used today as products used to make the face more healthy. Helmet masks are fit over the head and are often carved from a tree trunk. Body and belly masks were made to cover the upper half of your body.
How can you tell if an African mask is real?
An up-close look of the back of the mask. I decided to Google to find out how to determine authenticity.
Holes on masks are used to attach the rest of the ceremonial dress.
- Check the back of the mask for wear, including the holes for fastening the mask on the face. …
- Look for wear from forehead, cheeks, chins and noses.
What is the main inspiration for African Art What was the purpose of the mask?
African masks often represent a spirit and it is strongly believed that the spirit of the ancestors possesses the wearer.
What is the importance of masks in African culture?
The mask wearer can become a sort of medium that allows for a dialogue between the community and the spirits. Most times, the spirits mentioned are those of the dead, or nature-related. Masked dances are a part of most traditional African ceremonies related to weddings, funerals, initiation rites, and cleansing.
Do African masks have spirits?
While most African tribal masks represent spirits and ancestors, the Dan masks are the spirits themselves. The masks have a characteristic concave face which ends with a pointed chin, a high domed forehead, and big pouty lips. The masks are carved out of wood and are often dyed to give a rich brown colour.
What does the mask represent?
Masks usually represent supernatural beings, ancestors, and fanciful or imagined figures, and they can also be portraits.
What are 4 forms that are used to create an African mask?
SHAPE: African masks take on many forms. They can be oval, circular, rectangular, elongated or animal, human or a combination.
Who wears African masks?
In many cultures, masks are an important part of traditional rituals. For thousands of years, African peoples have used masks in ceremonies. Every African mask is unique. In many African groups, masks are worn by dancers.
What cultures use masks?
10 Fascinating Cultural Masks from Around the World
- Venetian Carnival Masks. Worn during Carnival in Venice, these world-famous masks date back to the 13th century. …
- Mexican Day of the Dead Masks. …
- Chinese New Year Masks. …
- Brazilian Carnival Masks. …
- Filipino Dinagyang Masks. …
- African Festima Masks. …
- Bahamian Junkanoo Masks. …
- Austrian Krampusnacht Festival Masks.
What is an African passport mask?
Mbole Passport Masks 1-4, DRC
The Dan people carried small masks (less than 20 cm high) which are sometimes called “passport” masks. They are sewn onto a piece of cloth and kept in a leather pouch and possibly worn in the small of the back. They are miniature copies of a family mask and sometimes received libations.
How do you display African masks?
You could simply run a string or wire through the holes of the African mask to hang it, or mount it on a display base with an armature. The metal wire follows the inside perimeter so it cannot be seen through the openings in the mask such as the eyes and mouth.